By Jan 04, 2017
Public reasoning is an important part of budget making, but the reasons given by governments for their preferred policies are often inadequate. At the same time, there is no recognized standard for assessing the adequacy of reasons. This brief presents a set of nine criteria that can be used to assess the adequacy of reasons given to justify budget decisions using examples drawn from Kenya national budget documents published between July and December 2016.
By Dec 21, 2016
Since 2010, Kenya has confronted a number of policy decisions related to how to share resources, including the revenue sharing formula that distributes funds among the 47 counties. While there has been some discussion of these choices, there has been little discussion of how the public in Kenya thinks about fairness. To begin to generate this evidence, IBP Kenya worked with research firm to develop and administer a national survey. The survey consisted of a set of simple scenarios about sharing resources designed to trigger views of fairness indirectly. This paper describes the survey scenarios used to capture attitudes of fairness and finds that, on average, Kenyans responded in ways that are consistent with widely shared principles of fairness.
By Dec 20, 2016
Are Kenya’s Sector Working Groups an effective means for the public to influence sector budget allocations? This brief assesses Kenya’s 2017 Budget Policy Statement to see whether the public’s priorities have had an impact on sector allocations and what reasons the government provided for including or excluding them. The authors conclude that in most cases, it is not possible to tell whether public views were taken into account, though in some cases it seems clear that they were not. Where public views were not included, the explanations for excluding them are inadequate.
By Dec 14, 2016
How much money should Kenya’s 47 counties receive? This issue is discussed annually in Kenya when Parliament debates and approves the Division of Revenue Act and the County Allocation of Revenue Act. In making its decision, Parliament is meant to deliberate on recommendations from the Commission on Revenue Allocation and the National Treasury. This analysis compares the 2017/18 Commission on Revenue Allocation and National Treasury recommendations and raises issues Parliament should consider in their deliberations.
By Dec 12, 2016
The Budget Review and Outlook Paper (BROP) is a Kenya budget document that must be produced by both national and county governments every year to provide a review of budget performance from the most recent financial year and updated expectations and recommendations for the coming financial year. IBP Kenya’s Analysis of Kenya’s 2016 BROP finds revenue and expenditure performance were both below target in 2015/16.
By Dec 05, 2016
Is there a mismatch between the budget information supplied by governments and demand among civil society? This paper examines the “demand side” of fiscal transparency using findings from a global survey of 176 individuals working in civil society that use budget information for analysis and advocacy activities. Based on the responses, the authors identify a “fiscal transparency effectiveness gap” between the fiscal information that governments often provide and the information that CSOs need.
By Nov 18, 2016
To determine budget allocations for sectors such as health, education, and infrastructure, the Kenyan government is meant to consider the views of the general public. In reality, however, there has been relatively little discussion with the public about sector priorities. To get better a sense of public opinion, IBP Kenya sponsored a national survey asking citizens what they thought the sector distribution of the national budget should be, and what they believed the actual allocation to be. Four key points emerged from comparing the government’s current sector priorities with the public’s.
By Oct 31, 2016
This case study describes how health advocates in the Ukrainian city of Poltava created the Institute of Analysis and Advocacy (IAA) to take on entrenched corruption in the provision of local healthcare. IAA’s campaign targeted different levels of government and links in the service delivery chain, from individual hospitals to the national legislature. Reformers undertook a variety of complementary tactics to uncover and document corruption, lobby for change, and address the root causes of corruption in the healthcare system.
By Oct 31, 2016
This case study documents how Light of Hope, one of Ukraine’s largest and most successful non-state service delivery organizations, established the Poltava Social Adaptation Center, a facility that delivers a complex array of services to ex-prisoners, drug users, people who are HIV-positive, and the homeless. Light of Hope garnered an unprecedented level of support from the city government for the center, including funding from the city budget. In the process, the organization also challenged the stigma surrounding marginalized groups.
By Oct 26, 2016
These short and reader-friendly advocacy tools are based on sound and rigorous analysis of South Africa’s government budget in sectors relevant to children. They aim to expand the debate around social sector budgets and help shape a more child-centred, transparent, participatory, and equitable pattern of public spending in South Africa.