By May 05, 2016
This paper brings together the findings from a joint research project aimed at gaining a better understanding of the role of different accountability actors play in promoting budget transparency and accountability. It explores how different accountability actors collaborate, and the ongoing and potential roles of external actors (such as development partners, implementing agencies and non-government organizations) in providing support to reforms. The research builds on both organizations’ current work in this area, and is based on country studies that were carried out in Burkina Faso, El Salvador, Georgia, Indonesia, Kenya, and South Africa.
By Mar 01, 2016
This report serves as a resource to those who want to address the challenge of isolated and fragmented transparency and accountability interventions that often do not strategically engage with the ecosystem of accountability actors, mechanisms and levels of governance to address the structural causes of corruption, impunity and poor service delivery, but rather more superficial symptoms.
By Feb 29, 2016
Part of a series on how to read and use Kenya’s key national and county budget documents, this guide examines the Budget Policy Statement (BPS), a document which must be produced by the national government every year, using Kenya’s 2016 National BPS as an example. At the county level, the equivalent document is called the County Fiscal Strategy Paper (CFSP). The principles outlined in this guide can also be applied to reading a CFSP.
By Feb 28, 2016
Over the past several years, Kenyans have engaged in a vibrant debate about the meaning of public participation in government decision-making, particularly with respect to the budget process. This debate has taken place amidst widespread disappointment with the quality of public participation as it is currently practiced at both national and county levels. In this paper, the authors argue that the concept of public participation needs to be refined and propose that the concept of public deliberation is more useful and, ultimately, offers more specific guidance for thinking about how the public engages with budgets.
By Feb 25, 2016
Each year Kenya’s National Treasury must table a Budget Policy Statement (BPS) in Parliament by February 15. The tabling of the BPS is a critical moment in the annual budget process when a number of key decisions are made, including: the overall size of the national budget (revenue, spending, and deficit); the sector distribution of the budget (share of the budget for health, education, etc.); and how revenue is divided between the national and county levels. Read IBP Kenya’s analysis of the 2016 Budget Policy Statement.
By Feb 17, 2016
The spread of information and communication technologies has seen governments increasingly use websites and dedicated portals to disseminate budget information. In many cases, online availability has replaced physical distribution as the main avenue for making budget information available to the public. This brief examines emerging practices in publishing budget information online. It draws on research by Fundar, a Mexican civil society organization, which examined websites and portals of 80 governments worldwide, proposing a framework through which to assess online disclosure of budget information.
By Feb 17, 2016
Governments are increasingly using the digital space as the main avenue for disseminating fiscal information. Despite the ubiquity, there have been relatively few attempts to systematically examine government practices in disclosing budget information online. Developing a better understanding of how (and how well) governments are using websites and other online tools to make budget information available to the public is therefore both crucial and timely. This paper aims to examine online disclosure practices by assessing the websites and portals of 80 countries that were included in the Open Budget Survey 2015.
By Feb 17, 2016
In much of the West Bank, there are rampant problems in the funding and delivery of government services and infrastructure projects. This case study follows Palestine’s Teacher Creativity Centre’s (TCC) efforts to mobilize students to conduct social audits of public services and demonstrates the challenges and benefits of involving students in strategies for social accountability.
By Feb 17, 2016
This note explores what information the South African government needs to publish to enable effective public monitoring of the delivery of food security through South Africa’s Social Relief of Distress (SRD) program. It documents how much of this information is produced by government and how much of what is produced is publicly available. It also assesses how regular, comprehensive, and accurate the published information is. While focusing on the SRD program specifically, this note speaks to some of the opportunities and challenges associated with budget monitoring as they relate to service delivery priorities in South Africa more generally.
By Feb 12, 2016
Six months before the start of Kenya’s financial year the Commission on Revenue Allocation (CRA) must submit its recommendations to the National Assembly on how to share revenue raised nationally between Kenya’s national government and counties, as well as the criteria that will be used to share conditional grants among the counties. In this analysis, IBP Kenya examines and identifies issues with CRA 2016/17 recommendations.