By Aug 26, 2016
This guide provides direction and additional resources to determine the public availability of the eight key budget documents evaluated in the Open Budget Survey. It also helps in identifying which fiscal years should be included in the Open Budget Survey 2017.
By Aug 26, 2016
The Open Budget Survey assesses the public availability of budget information by considering the timely release and contents of eight key budget documents that all countries should issue at different points in the budget process. This document outlines the methodology researchers used to examine and map the public availability and dissemination of a country’s key budget documents for the Open Budget Survey April 2016 Document Availability Update.
By Aug 11, 2016
In 2010, Kenya began an ambitious devolution process, shifting administrative, financial, and political power from the national to the county level. One of the main drivers of devolution was the glaring inequities between different parts of the country. However, inequality remains a challenge in Kenya. If devolution is to lead to greater equity, resources in county budgets must be allocated equitably. This paper explores how Elgeyo Marakwet, Meru, and Baringo counties address resource sharing challenges and highlights some of the strengths and weaknesses of these approaches. It also offers a set of recommendations for addressing resource sharing within counties in an equitable fashion.
By Aug 11, 2016
This paper investigates what is actually meant by equity and fairness when it comes to sharing public resources. It reviews five principles – need, minimum shares, capacity, effort, and efficiency – that are generally considered in global discussions on fairness and looks at how these principles can be applied to distributing resources in Kenya. The paper also reviews how resources are currently shared in Kenya and then looks at how public resources are distributed in India and South Africa, drawing lessons from these examples.
By Jul 15, 2016
Using data from the last four rounds of the Open Budget Survey, this paper closely examines the countries whose scores place them in the middle of the Open Budget Index and seeks to answer what these countries can do to increase their scores above 60 — a rough benchmark for when a country can be considered to be publishing sufficient budget information to permit informed public discussions on budgetary matters.
By Jun 07, 2016
Kenya’s 2016/17 national budget was tabled in the National Assembly just before the end of April 2016. This analysis asks key questions about the budget that we believe should be of interest to both Parliament and the public.
By Jun 03, 2016
This case study recounts the Civil Association for Equality and Justice (ACIJ) campaign in Argentina to push the City of Buenos Aires to comply with its legal obligation to provide free public education to children between the ages of 45 days and five years. Responding to a breakdown in the formal mechanisms for monitoring government compliance, the ACIJ lobbied both the executive and the legislature, took further legal action, and mobilized public support through the media and other advocacy efforts. While the campaign is ongoing, ACIJ has already managed to secure more places for students, better spending on infrastructure, and a new system of online enrollment.
By May 27, 2016
This guide is part of IBP Kenya’s series on how to read and use key budget documents in Kenya at national and county level. This edition looks at the Budget Estimates, which are tabled in the National Assembly and the County Assemblies on the 30th of April each year. Each guide in this series uses a specific document as an example. In this case, we use Kenya’s 2016/17 national Budget Estimates. Nevertheless, the key questions in this tool should also be helpful for reading any county budget.
By May 18, 2016
The International Budget Partnership has spent almost a decade researching how and why civil society campaigns on budget-related issues succeed or fail. Based on the findings of nearly 30 case studies spanning five continents, this paper synthesizes what we have learnt so far. It focuses particularly on the relationships between civil society organizations and both government and non-government stakeholders, establishing a typology of these relationships, and examining how and why they contribute to the successful budget campaigns. The main finding is that, when it comes to budget campaigns, CSOs cannot go it alone.
By May 17, 2016
The International Budget Partnership’s 2015 Annual Report documents our work over the past year, focusing on what we have achieved and what we have learned. Highlights include a section describing our ongoing work and impact in six countries, an overview of our 2015 research and international advocacy, six essays that discuss key lessons that have come out of reflecting on our work, and six short stories and vignettes that capture the power of budget work.