Open Budget Survey Document Availability Tracker
December 2016 Update
To recognize improvements and identify slippages in budget transparency between rounds of the biennial Open Budget Survey, we periodically assess the public availability of the eight key budget documents – an essential component of transparency. This update presents the results of the most recent of these interim assessments.
|Open Budget Survey 2015||December 2016 Update|
|Pre-Budget Statement||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Executive's Budget Proposal||Available to the Public||Published Late|
|Enacted Budget||Available to the Public||Not Available Online|
|Citizens Budget||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|In-Year Reports||Produced for Internal Use Only||Produced for Internal Use Only|
|Mid-Year Review||Produced for Internal Use Only||Produced for Internal Use Only|
|Year-End Report||Available to the Public||Published Late|
|Audit Report||Available to the Public||Not Available Online|
As of 31 December 2016, the government of Botswana makes two of eight key budget documents publicly available online in a timeframe consistent with international standards. In prior rounds of the Open Budget Survey, IBP accepted documents that were available upon request and/or in hard copy only as being “publicly available.” In 2016 we updated this definition to require that all documents be published on a relevant government website. For more information, please read our update on the Open Budget Survey.
Since the Open Budget Survey 2015, which assessed budget documents that were available to the public up to 30 June 2014, Botswana has failed to publish the Executive’s Budget Proposal in a timely manner, and has not published the Enacted Budget and the Audit Report on the relevant government website (hard copies are available on request).
To improve budget transparency, Botswana should publish an Executive’s Budget Proposal and a Year-End Report in a timely manner, and publish an Enacted Budget and an Audit Report on the relevant government website. For more information on the content that the eight key budget documents should contain, and the publication timeframe for each document, please see IBP’s Guide to Transparency in Government Budget Reports and the Open Budget Survey Guidelines on Public Availability of Budget Documents.
Transparency (Open Budget Index) 47/100
The Government of Botswana provides the public with limited budget information.
Public Participation 19/100
The Government of Botswana is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.
By legislature 70/100
Budget oversight by the legislature in Botswana is adequate.
By auditor 100/100
Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Botswana is adequate.
Botswana should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:
- Publish In-Year Reports and a Mid-Year Review.
- Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by presenting the classification of expenditures for future years and the classification of revenues for future years.
- Increase the comprehensiveness of the Year-End Report by presenting information on planned versus actual macroeconomic forecasts and information on planned versus actual performance.
Botswana should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:
- Provide detailed feedback on how public perspectives have been captured and taken into account.
- Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies as well as on audit reports at which testimony from the public is heard.
- Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution to formulate its audit program.
Botswana should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:
- Establish a specialized budget research office for the legislature.
- Ensure the legislature holds a pre-budget debate and the outcome is reflected in the Enacted Budget.
- Establish regular consultations on budget matters between the executive and the legislature.
Botswana’s score on the Open Budget Index shows that the government provides the public with substantial information on the central government’s budget and financial activities during the course of the budget year. This gives citizens tools to hold government accountable for its management of the public’s money.