Democratic Republic of Congo
Open Budget Survey Document Availability Tracker
December 2016 Update
To recognize improvements and identify slippages in budget transparency between rounds of the biennial Open Budget Survey, we periodically assess the public availability of the eight key budget documents – an essential component of transparency. This update presents the results of the most recent of these interim assessments.
Democratic Republic of the Congo
|Open Budget Survey 2015||December 2016 Update|
|Pre-Budget Statement||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Executive's Budget Proposal||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Enacted Budget||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Citizens Budget||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|In-Year Reports||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Mid-Year Review||Not Produced||Not Produced|
|Year-End Report||Published Late||Produced for Internal Use Only|
|Audit Report||Not Produced||Not Produced|
As of 31 December 2016, the government of The Democratic Republic of the Congo makes five of eight key budget documents publicly available online in a timeframe consistent with international standards. These are the same documents found to be publicly available in the Open Budget Survey 2015, which assessed the availability of documents up to 30 June 2014.
To improve budget transparency, The Democratic Republic of the Congo should publish a Year-End Report and produce and publish an Audit Report and a Mid-Year Review. For more information on the content that the eight key budget documents should contain, and the publication timeframe for each document, please see IBP’s Guide to Transparency in Government Budget Reports and the Open Budget Survey Guidelines on Public Availability of Budget Documents.
Transparency (Open Budget Index) 39/100
The Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo provides the public with minimal budget information.
Public Participation 13/100
The Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.
By legislature 39/100
Budget oversight by the legislature in the Democratic Republic of Congo is weak.
By auditor 50/100
Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in the Democratic Republic of Congo is limited.
The Democratic Republic of Congo should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:
- Publish a Year-End Report in a timely manner.
- Produce and publish a Mid-Year Review and an Audit Report.
- Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by presenting information on the classification of expenditures for future years and the classification of revenues for future years.
The Democratic Republic of Congo should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:
- Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
- Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies as well as on audit reports at which testimony from the public is heard.
- Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution to formulate its audit program and participate in audit investigations.
The Democratic Republic of Congo should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:
- Ensure the executive receives prior approval by the legislature before implementing a supplemental budget.
- In both law and practice, ensure the legislature is consulted prior to the virement of funds in the Enacted Budget, the spending of any unanticipated revenue, and the spending of contingency funds that were not identified in the Enacted Budget.
- Ensure the supreme audit institution has adequate funding to perform its duties, as determined by an independent body (e.g., the legislature or judiciary).