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Colombia

Open Budget Survey Document Availability Tracker

December 2016 Update

To recognize improvements and identify slippages in budget transparency between rounds of the biennial Open Budget Survey, we periodically assess the public availability of the eight key budget documents – an essential component of transparency. This update presents the results of the most recent of these interim assessments.

Colombia

Open Budget Survey 2015December 2016 Update
Pre-Budget StatementAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Executive's Budget ProposalAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Enacted BudgetAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Citizens BudgetAvailable to the PublicPublished Late
In-Year ReportsAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Mid-Year ReviewNot ProducedProduced for Internal Use Only
Year-End ReportAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Audit ReportAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public

As of 31 December 2016, the government of Colombia makes six of eight key budget documents publicly available online in a timeframe consistent with international standards. This reflects a net decrease over the findings of the Open Budget Survey 2015, which assessed the availability of documents up to 30 June 2014. Since that assessment, Colombia has failed to publish the Citizens Budget in a timely manner.

To improve budget transparency, Colombia should publish a Citizens Budget in a timely manner and publish a Mid-Year Review. For more information on the content that the eight key budget documents should contain, and the publication timeframe for each document, please see IBP’s Guide to Transparency in Government Budget Reports and the Open Budget Survey Guidelines on Public Availability of Budget Documents.


2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Country Summary - Spanish Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 57/100 

The Government of Colombia provides the public with limited budget information.

Public Participation 46/100 

The Government of Colombia provides the public with limited opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight 

By legislature 83/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in Colombia is adequate.

By auditor 92/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Colombia is adequate.

Recommendations 

Improving Transparency

Colombia should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Produce and publish a Mid-Year Review.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by presenting more information on the classification of expenditures for future years and on the classification of revenues for future years.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Year-End Report by presenting more information on planned versus actual expenditures and on planned versus actual revenues.
Improving Participation

Colombia should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
  • Open the hearings on the audit reports to the public so they can testify.
  • Publish reports on public budget hearings.
Improving Oversight

Colombia should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • Establish regular consultations on budget matters between the executive and the legislature.

 








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