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Ecuador

Open Budget Survey Document Availability Tracker

December 2016 Update

To recognize improvements and identify slippages in budget transparency between rounds of the biennial Open Budget Survey, we periodically assess the public availability of the eight key budget documents – an essential component of transparency. This update presents the results of the most recent of these interim assessments.

Ecuador

Open Budget Survey 2015December 2016 Update
Pre-Budget StatementNot ProducedPublished Late
Executive's Budget ProposalAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Enacted BudgetAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Citizens BudgetNot ProducedAvailable to the Public
In-Year ReportsAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Mid-Year ReviewPublished LatePublished Late
Year-End ReportAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Audit ReportProduced for Internal Use OnlyNot Produced

As of 31 December 2016, the government of Ecuador makes five of eight key budget documents publicly available online in a timeframe consistent with international standards. This reflects a net increase over the findings of the Open Budget Survey 2015, which assessed the availability of documents up to 30 June 2014. Since that assessment, Ecuador has published the Citizens Budget.

To improve budget transparency, Ecuador should produce and publish an Audit Report and publish a Pre-Budget Statement and a Mid-Year Review in a timely manner. For more information on the content that the eight key budget documents should contain, and the publication timeframe for each document, please see IBP’s Guide to Transparency in Government Budget Reports and the Open Budget Survey Guidelines on Public Availability of Budget Documents.


2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Country Summary - Spanish Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 50/100

The Government of Ecuador provides the public with limited budget information.

Public Participation 27/100 

The Government of Ecuador is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process

Budget Oversight 

By legislature 21/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in Ecuador is weak. 

By auditor 75/100

Budget oversight by the auditor in Ecuador is adequate.

Recommendations 

Improving Transparency

Ecuador should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish an Audit Report.
  • Ensure that the Mid-Year Review is published by September 30 each year.
  • Produce and publish a Citizens Budget.
  • Produce a Pre-Budget Statement that is publicly available at least one month before the Executive’s Budget Proposal is presented to the National Assembly.
Improving Participation

Ecuador should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies as well as on audit reports at which testimony from the public is heard.
Improving Oversight

Ecuador should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • Ensure the legislature holds a pre-budget debate and the outcome is reflected in the Enacted Budget.
  • Ensure the executive receives prior approval by the legislature before implementing a supplemental budget.
  • Establish a system of quality control for the supreme audit institution.

 








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