Open Budget Survey Document Availability Tracker
December 2016 Update
To recognize improvements and identify slippages in budget transparency between rounds of the biennial Open Budget Survey, we periodically assess the public availability of the eight key budget documents – an essential component of transparency. This update presents the results of the most recent of these interim assessments.
|Open Budget Survey 2015||December 2016 Update|
|Pre-Budget Statement||Not Produced||Available to the Public|
|Executive's Budget Proposal||Published Late||Available to the Public|
|Enacted Budget||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Citizens Budget||Not Produced||Available to the Public|
|In-Year Reports||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Mid-Year Review||Available to the Public||Produced for Internal Use Only|
|Year-End Report||Available to the Public||Produced for Internal Use Only|
|Audit Report||Produced for Internal Use Only||Produced for Internal Use Only|
As of 31 December 2016, the government of Egypt makes five of eight key budget documents publicly available online in a timeframe consistent with international standards. This reflects a net increase over the findings of the Open Budget Survey 2015, which assessed the availability of documents up to 30 June 2014. Since that assessment, Egypt has published the Executive’s Budget Proposal in a timely manner and published the Citizens Budget and the Pre-Budget Statement, but produced the Year-End Report and the Mid-Year Review for internal use only.
To improve budget transparency, Egypt should publish a Year-End Report, an Audit Report, and a Mid-Year Review. For more information on the content that the eight key budget documents should contain, and the publication timeframe for each document, please see IBP’s Guide to Transparency in Government Budget Reports and the Open Budget Survey Guidelines on Public Availability of Budget Documents.
Transparency (Open Budget Index) 16/100
The Government of Egypt provides the public with scant budget information.
Public Participation 8/100
The Government of Egypt is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.
By legislature 0/100
Budget oversight by the legislature in Egypt is nonexistent.1
By auditor 42/100
Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Egypt is limited.
Egypt should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:
- Publish in a timely manner an Executive’s Budget Proposal.
- Publish an Audit Report.
- Publish a Mid-Year Review.
Egypt should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:
- Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
- Reinstate the legislature and hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies at which testimony from the public is heard.
- Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution to formulate its audit program and to participate in audit investigations.
Egypt should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:
- Reinstate the legislature and establish a specialized budget research office for the legislature.
- Ensure the Executive’s Budget Proposal is provided to legislators at least three months before the start of the budget year.
- Require legislative or judicial approval to remove the head of the supreme audit institution.
 According to the Open Budget Survey Tracker (www.obstracker.org), the 2014-2015 Mid-Year Review, which should have been published by 31 March 2015, is considered not publicly available. The 2013-2014 Mid-Year Review, which was assessed as part of the Open Budget Survey 2015, was published in a timely manner.