April 2016 UpdateTo recognize improvements and identify slippages in budget transparency in between rounds of the Open Budget Survey, IBP periodically assesses essential components of transparency in countries around the world.
|Open Budget Survey 2015||April 2016 Update|
|Pre-Budget Statement||Available to the Public||Published Late|
|Executive's Budget Proposal||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Enacted Budget||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Citizens Budget||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|In-Year Reports||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Mid-Year Review||Not Produced||Not Produced|
|Year-End Report||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Audit Report||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
As of 30 April 2016, the government of Croatia makes six of the eight key budget documents available to the public in a timeframe consistent with international standards. The number of budget documents found to be publicly available reflects a net decrease compared to the number that the government had published according to the Open Budget Survey 2015, which assessed budget documents that were available to the public through 30 June 2014. Since that assessment, Croatia has failed to publish the Pre-Budget Statement in a timely manner.
To improve budget transparency, Croatia should produce and publish the Mid-Year Review, and publish the Pre-Budget Statement in a timely manner. For more information on the content that should be in the eight key budget documents and the publication timeframe for each document, please see IBP’s Guide to Transparency in Government Budget Reports and the Open Budget Survey Guidelines on Public Availability of Budget Documents.
Transparency (Open Budget Index) 53/100
The Government of Croatia provides the public with limited budget information.
Public Participation 38/100
The Government of Croatia is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.
By legislature 27/100
Budget oversight by the legislature in Croatia is weak.
By auditor 92/100
Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Croatia is adequate.
Croatia should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:
- Produce and publish a Mid-Year Review.
- Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by presenting more information on the classification of expenditures for prior years and the classification of revenues for prior years.
- Increase the comprehensiveness of the Year-End Report by presenting more information on planned versus actual debt and interest and on planned versus actual macroeconomic forecasts.
Croatia should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:
- Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
- Ensure the public is informed of the purpose of public budget engagements and provided with sufficient information to participate effectively.
- Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution to formulate its audit program and participate in audit investigations.
Croatia should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:
- Establish a specialized budget research office for the legislature.
- In both law and practice, ensure the legislature is consulted prior to the virement of funds in the Enacted Budget, the spending of any unanticipated revenue, and the spending of contingency funds that were not identified in the Enacted Budget.
Croatia’s score on the Open Budget Index shows that the government provides the public with some, albeit incomplete, information on the central government’s budget and financial activities during the course of the budget year. This makes it difficult for citizens to hold government accountable for its management of the public’s money.