Open Budget Survey Document Availability Tracker
December 2016 Update
To recognize improvements and identify slippages in budget transparency between rounds of the biennial Open Budget Survey, we periodically assess the public availability of the eight key budget documents – an essential component of transparency. This update presents the results of the most recent of these interim assessments.
|Open Budget Survey 2015||December 2016 Update|
|Pre-Budget Statement||Not Produced||Not Produced|
|Executive's Budget Proposal||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Enacted Budget||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Citizens Budget||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|In-Year Reports||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Mid-Year Review||Published Late||Available to the Public|
|Year-End Report||Published Late||Available to the Public|
|Audit Report||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
As of 31 December 2016, the government of India makes seven of eight key budget documents publicly available online in a timeframe consistent with international standards. This reflects a net increase over the findings of the Open Budget Survey 2015, which assessed the availability of documents up to 30 June 2014. Since that assessment, India has published the Mid-Year Review and the Year-End Report in a timely manner.
To improve budget transparency, India should produce and publish a Pre-Budget Statement. For more information on the content that the eight key budget documents should contain, and the publication timeframe for each document, please see IBP’s Guide to Transparency in Government Budget Reports and the Open Budget Survey Guidelines on Public Availability of Budget Documents.
Transparency (Open Budget Index) 46/100
The Government of India provides the public with limited budget information.
Public Participation 19/100
The Government of India is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.
By legislature 39/100
Budget oversight by the legislature in India is weak.
By auditor 75/100
Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in India is adequate.
India should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:
- Produce and publish a Pre-Budget Statement.
- Institutionalize the publication in a timely manner of all documents, including the Mid-Year Review and the Year-End Report.
- Increase the comprehensiveness of the Citizens Budget.
India should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:
- Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
- Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies at which testimony from the public is heard.
India should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:
- Establish a specialized budget research office for the legislature.
- In both law and practice, ensure the legislature is consulted prior to the spending of contingency funds that were not identified in the Enacted Budget.