Open Budget Survey Document Availability Tracker
December 2016 Update
To recognize improvements and identify slippages in budget transparency between rounds of the biennial Open Budget Survey, we periodically assess the public availability of the eight key budget documents – an essential component of transparency. This update presents the results of the most recent of these interim assessments.
|Open Budget Survey 2015||December 2016 Update|
|Pre-Budget Statement||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Executive's Budget Proposal||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Enacted Budget||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Citizens Budget||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|In-Year Reports||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Mid-Year Review||Not Produced||Available to the Public|
|Year-End Report||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Audit Report||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
As of 31 December 2016, the government of Jordan makes eight of eight key budget documents publicly available online in a timeframe consistent with international standards. This reflects a net increase over the findings of the Open Budget Survey 2015, which assessed the availability of documents up to 30 June 2014. Since that assessment, Jordan has published the Mid-Year Review.
For more information on the content that the eight key budget documents should contain, and the publication timeframe for each document, please see IBP’s Guide to Transparency in Government Budget Reports and the Open Budget Survey Guidelines on Public Availability of Budget Documents.
Transparency (Open Budget Index) 55/100
The Government of Jordan provides the public with limited budget information.
Public Participation 27/100
The Government of Jordan is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.
By legislature 45/100
Budget oversight by the legislature in Jordan is limited.
By auditor 42/100
Budget oversight by the supreme audit in Jordan is limited.
Jordan should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:
- Produce and publish a Mid-Year Review.
- Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by, for example, presenting more details on macroeconomic forecasts and on issues beyond the core budget.
- Increase the comprehensiveness of the Year-End Report by, for example, presenting more details on planned versus actual performance, as well as on planned versus actual macroeconomic forecasts.
Jordan should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:
- Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
- Publish reports on public budget hearings.
- Establish formal mechanisms for the public to participate in audit investigations.
Jordan should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:
- Ensure the Executive’s Budget Proposal is provided to legislators at least three months before the start of the budget year.
- In both law and practice, ensure the legislature is consulted prior to the spending of contingency funds that were not identified in the Enacted Budget.
- Require legislative or judicial approval to remove the head of the supreme audit institution.
Jordan’s score on the Open Budget Index shows that the government provides the public with some, albeit incomplete, information on the central government’s budget and financial activities during the course of the budget year. This makes it difficult for citizens to hold government accountable for its management of the public’s money.