Open Budget Survey Document Availability Tracker
December 2016 Update
To recognize improvements and identify slippages in budget transparency between rounds of the biennial Open Budget Survey, we periodically assess the public availability of the eight key budget documents – an essential component of transparency. This update presents the results of the most recent of these interim assessments.
|Open Budget Survey 2015||December 2016 Update|
|Pre-Budget Statement||Available to the Public||Published Late|
|Executive's Budget Proposal||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Enacted Budget||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Citizens Budget||Available to the Public||Not Produced|
|In-Year Reports||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Mid-Year Review||Not Produced||Not Produced|
|Year-End Report||Available to the Public||Produced for Internal Use Only|
|Audit Report||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
As of 31 December 2016, the government of Mongolia makes four of eight key budget documents publicly available online in a timeframe consistent with international standards. This reflects a net decrease over the findings of the Open Budget Survey 2015, which assessed the availability of documents up to 30 June 2014. Since that assessment, Mongolia has produced the Year-end Report for internal use only, published the Pre-Budget Statement late, and failed to produce the Citizens Budget.
To improve budget transparency, Mongolia should publish a Year-End Report, publish a Pre-Budget Statement in a timely manner, and produce and publish a Citizens Budget. For more information on the content that the eight key budget documents should contain, and the publication timeframe for each document, please see IBP’s Guide to Transparency in Government Budget Reports and the Open Budget Survey Guidelines on Public Availability of Budget Documents.
- Country Summary - English Country Summary - Mongolian Country Summary - Russian Questionnaire
Transparency (Open Budget Index) 51/100
The Government of Mongolia provides the public with limited budget information.
Public Participation 19/100
The Government of Mongolia is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.
By legislature 70/100
Budget oversight by the legislature in Mongolia is adequate.
By auditor 92/100
Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Mongolia is adequate.
Mongolia should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:
- Produce and publish a Mid-Year Review and a Citizens Budget for the Executive’s Budget Proposal.
- Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal, for example by presenting more details on the classification of expenditures for future years and macroeconomic forecasts.
- Increase the comprehensiveness of the Year-End Report by presenting more details on planned versus actual performance.
Mongolia should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:
- Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
- Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies at which testimony from the public is heard.
- Establish formal mechanisms for the public to participate in audit investigations.
Mongolia should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:
- In both law and practice, ensure the legislature is consulted prior to the virement of funds in the Enacted Budget and the spending of contingency funds that were not identified in the Enacted Budget.
- Ensure the legislature holds public meetings to review Audit Reports.