April 2016 UpdateTo recognize improvements and identify slippages in budget transparency in between rounds of the Open Budget Survey, IBP periodically assesses essential components of transparency in countries around the world.
|Open Budget Survey 2015||April 2016 Update|
|Pre-Budget Statement||Published Late||Not Produced|
|Executive's Budget Proposal||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Enacted Budget||Available to the Public||Published in Hard Copy|
|Citizens Budget||Not Produced||Not Produced|
|In-Year Reports||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Mid-Year Review||Not Produced||Not Produced|
|Year-End Report||Available to the Public||Published in Hard Copy|
|Audit Report||Not Produced||Not Produced|
As of 30 April 2016, the government of Malawi makes two of the eight key budget documents available to the public in a timeframe consistent with international standards. In prior rounds of the Open Budget Survey, IBP accepted documents that were available in hard copy only as being “publicly available.” We have updated this definition to require that all documents be published on a relevant official government website. For more information please read our update on the Open Budget Survey 2017.
Since the Open Budget Survey 2015, which assessed budget documents that were available to the public through 30 June 2014, Malawi has published the Executive’s Budget Proposal. However, it has failed to publish the Enacted Budget and the Year-End Report on the relevant government website (hard copies are available on request).
To improve budget transparency, Malawi should publish the Year-End Report and the Enacted Budget on the relevant government website, and produce and publish the Audit Report. For more information on the content that should be in the eight key budget documents and the publication timeframe for each document, please see IBP’s Guide to Transparency in Government Budget Reports and the Open Budget Survey Guidelines on Public Availability of Budget Documents.
Transparency (Open Budget Index) 65/100
The Government of Malawi provides the public with substantial budget information.
Public Participation 44/100
The Government of Malawi provides the public with limited opportunities to engage in the budget process.
By legislature 67/100
Budget oversight by the legislature in Malawi is adequate.
By auditor 42/100
Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Malawi is limited.
Malawi should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:
- Publish in a timely manner a Pre-Budget Statement.
- Produce and publish a Citizens Budget, a Mid-Year Review, and an Audit Report.
- Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by presenting more information on macroeconomic forecasts.
Malawi should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:
- Provide detailed feedback on how public perspectives have been captured and taken into account.
- Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution to formulate its audit program.
- Provide detailed feedback on how public assistance and participation have been used by the supreme audit institution.
Malawi should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:
- Ensure the Executive’s Budget Proposal is provided to legislators at least three months before the start of the budget year.
- Ensure the executive receives prior approval by the legislature before implementing a supplemental budget.
- Require legislative or judicial approval to remove the head of the supreme audit institution.
Malawi’s score on the Open Budget Index shows that the government provides the public with minimal information on the central government’s budget and financial activities during the course of the budget year. This makes it quite difficult for citizens to hold government accountable for its management of the public’s money.