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Mexico

Open Budget Survey Document Availability Tracker

December 2016 Update

To recognize improvements and identify slippages in budget transparency between rounds of the biennial Open Budget Survey, we periodically assess the public availability of the eight key budget documents – an essential component of transparency. This update presents the results of the most recent of these interim assessments.

Mexico

Open Budget Survey 2015December 2016 Update
Pre-Budget StatementAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Executive's Budget ProposalAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Enacted BudgetAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Citizens BudgetAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
In-Year ReportsAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Mid-Year ReviewNot ProducedAvailable to the Public
Year-End ReportAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Audit ReportAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public

As of 31 December 2016, the government of Mexico makes all of the eight key budget documents publicly available online in a timeframe consistent with international standards. This reflects a net increase over the findings of the Open Budget Survey 2015, which assessed the availability of documents up to 30 June 2014. Since that assessment, Mexico has published the Mid-Year Review.

For more information on the content that the eight key budget documents should contain, and the publication timeframe for each document, please see IBP’s Guide to Transparency in Government Budget Reports and the Open Budget Survey Guidelines on Public Availability of Budget Documents.


2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Country Summary - Spanish Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 66/100 

The Government of Mexico provides the public with substantial budget information.

Public Participation 44/100 

The Government of Mexico provides the public with limited opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight 

By legislature 45/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in Mexico is limited.

By auditor 92/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Mexico is adequate.

Recommendations 

Improving Transparency

Mexico should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Produce and publish a Mid-Year Review in compliance with international best practice.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by presenting more information on the classification of expenditures for future years (especially more disaggregation on the economic classification); increasing the detail of information on extra-budgetary funds; increasing the level of disaggregation of revenues; improving transparency on transfers from international financial institutions or donor assistance resources; and improving estimates on outstanding debt and on interest at the end of budget year.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Year-End Report by presenting more information on planned versus actual debt and interest and on planned versus actual macroeconomic forecasts.
Improving Participation

Mexico should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
  • Develop strategies to encourage and promote public participation in the budget cycle (including rules, calendars, and the institutionalization of spaces and methods to participate, among others).
  • Hold legislative hearings on the state of the economy that are attended by the executive and open to the public.
  • Provide detailed feedback on how public participation has been used by the supreme audit institution and promote opportunities for public directly affected by programs to provide inputs during performance audits.
Improving Oversight

Mexico should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • Ensure the legislature holds a pre-budget debate and the outcome is reflected in the Enacted Budget.
  • Ensure the executive receives prior approval by the legislature before implementing a supplemental budget.

 








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