April 2016 UpdateTo recognize improvements and identify slippages in budget transparency in between rounds of the Open Budget Survey, IBP periodically assesses essential components of transparency in countries around the world.
|Open Budget Survey 2015||April 2016 Update|
|Pre-Budget Statement||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Executive's Budget Proposal||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Enacted Budget||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Citizens Budget||Available to the Public||Not Produced|
|In-Year Reports||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Mid-Year Review||Not Produced||Not Produced|
|Year-End Report||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Audit Report||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
As of 30 April 2016, the government of Portugal makes six of the eight key budget documents available to the public in a timeframe consistent with international standards. The number of budget documents found to be publicly available reflects a net decrease compared to the number that the government had published according to the Open Budget Survey 2015, which assessed budget documents that were available to the public through 30 June 2014. Since that assessment, Portugal has failed to produce the Citizens Budget.
To improve budget transparency, Portugal should publish the Mid-Year Review, and produce and publish the Citizens Budget. For more information on the content that should be in the eight key budget documents and the publication timeframe for each document, please see IBP’s Guide to Transparency in Government Budget Reports and the Open Budget Survey Guidelines on Public Availability of Budget Documents.
Transparency (Open Budget Index) 64/100
The Government of Portugal provides the public with substantial budget information.
Public Participation 25/100
The Government of Portugal is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process
By legislature 70/100
Budget oversight by the legislature in Portugal is adequate.
By auditor 67/100
Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Portugal is adequate.
Portugal should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:
- Produce and publish a Mid-Year Review.
- Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by presenting more information on the classification of expenditures for future years and the classification of revenues for future years.
- Increase the comprehensiveness of the Year-End Report by presenting more information on planned versus actual macroeconomic forecasts and on planned versus actual performance.
Portugal should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:
- Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
- Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies, as well as on audit reports at which testimony from the public is heard.
- Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution to formulate its audit program and participate in audit investigations.
Portugal should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:
- Establish regular consultations on budget matters between the executive and the legislature.
- In both law and practice, ensure the legislature is consulted prior to the spending of contingency funds that were not identified in the Enacted Budget.
- Ensure the supreme audit institution has adequate funding to perform its duties, as determined by an independent body (e.g., the legislature or judiciary).