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Portugal

April 2016 Update

To recognize improvements and identify slippages in budget transparency in between rounds of the Open Budget Survey, IBP periodically assesses essential components of transparency in countries around the world.

Portugal

Open Budget Survey 2015April 2016 Update
Pre-Budget StatementAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Executive's Budget ProposalAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Enacted BudgetAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Citizens BudgetAvailable to the PublicNot Produced
In-Year ReportsAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Mid-Year ReviewNot ProducedNot Produced
Year-End ReportAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Audit ReportAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public

As of 30 April 2016, the government of Portugal makes six of the eight key budget documents available to the public in a timeframe consistent with international standards. The number of budget documents found to be publicly available reflects a net decrease compared to the number that the government had published according to the Open Budget Survey 2015, which assessed budget documents that were available to the public through 30 June 2014. Since that assessment, Portugal has failed to produce the Citizens Budget.

To improve budget transparency, Portugal should publish the Mid-Year Review, and produce and publish the Citizens Budget. For more information on the content that should be in the eight key budget documents and the publication timeframe for each document, please see IBP’s Guide to Transparency in Government Budget Reports and the Open Budget Survey Guidelines on Public Availability of Budget Documents.


2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Country Summary - Portuguese Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 64/100

The Government of Portugal provides the public with substantial budget information.

Public Participation 25/100 

The Government of Portugal is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process

Budget Oversight

By legislature 70/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in Portugal is adequate.

By auditor 67/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Portugal is adequate.

Recommendations 

Improving Transparency

Portugal should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Produce and publish a Mid-Year Review.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by presenting more information on the classification of expenditures for future years and the classification of revenues for future years.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Year-End Report by presenting more information on planned versus actual macroeconomic forecasts and on planned versus actual performance.
Improving Participation

Portugal should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies, as well as on audit reports at which testimony from the public is heard.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution to formulate its audit program and participate in audit investigations.
Improving Oversight

Portugal should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • Establish regular consultations on budget matters between the executive and the legislature.
  • In both law and practice, ensure the legislature is consulted prior to the spending of contingency funds that were not identified in the Enacted Budget.
  • Ensure the supreme audit institution has adequate funding to perform its duties, as determined by an independent body (e.g., the legislature or judiciary).


2010

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire



See more on budget work in Portugal »