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Romania

Open Budget Survey Document Availability Tracker

December 2016 Update

To recognize improvements and identify slippages in budget transparency between rounds of the biennial Open Budget Survey, we periodically assess the public availability of the eight key budget documents – an essential component of transparency. This update presents the results of the most recent of these interim assessments.

Romania

Open Budget Survey 2015December 2016 Update
Pre-Budget StatementAvailable to the PublicPublished Late
Executive's Budget ProposalAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Enacted BudgetAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Citizens BudgetNot ProducedAvailable to the Public
In-Year ReportsAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Mid-Year ReviewAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Year-End ReportAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Audit ReportAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public

As of 31 December 2016, the government of Romania makes seven of eight key budget documents publicly available online in a timeframe consistent with international standards. This is the same number of documents that were found to be publicly available in the Open Budget Survey 2015, which assessed the availability of documents up to 30 June 2014. However, since then, Romania has published the Citizens Budget but failed to publish the Pre-Budget Statement in a timely manner.

To improve budget transparency, Romania should publish a Pre-Budget Statement in a timely manner. For more information on the content that the eight key budget documents should contain, and the publication timeframe for each document, please see IBP’s Guide to Transparency in Government Budget Reports and the Open Budget Survey Guidelines on Public Availability of Budget Documents.


2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 75/100

The Government of Romania provides the public with extensive budget information.

Public Participation 42/100

The Government of Romania provides the public with limited opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight 

By legislature 54/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in Romania is limited.

By auditor 100/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit in Romania is adequate

Recommendations

Improving Transparency

Romania should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Produce and publish a Citizens Budget.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by presenting more information on contingent liabilities and on future liabilities.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Year-End Report by presenting more information on planned versus actual performance.
Improving Participation

Romania should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Ensure the public is informed of the purpose of public budget engagements and provided with sufficient information to participate effectively.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the state of the economy that are attended by the executive and open to the public.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to participate in audit investigations.
Improving Oversight

Romania should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • Ensure the Executive’s Budget Proposal is provided to legislators at least three months before the start of the budget year.
  • Ensure the executive receives prior approval by the legislature before implementing a supplemental budget.


2010

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire

2008

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire

Romania’s score on the Open Budget Index shows that the government provides the public with substantial information on the central government’s budget and financial activities during the course of the budget year. This gives citizens tools to hold government accountable for its management of the public’s money.


2006

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire



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