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Russia

Open Budget Survey Document Availability Tracker

December 2016 Update

To recognize improvements and identify slippages in budget transparency between rounds of the biennial Open Budget Survey, we periodically assess the public availability of the eight key budget documents – an essential component of transparency. This update presents the results of the most recent of these interim assessments.

Russia

Open Budget Survey 2015December 2016 Update
Pre-Budget StatementAvailable to the PublicPublished Late
Executive's Budget ProposalAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Enacted BudgetAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Citizens BudgetAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
In-Year ReportsAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Mid-Year ReviewAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Year-End ReportAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Audit ReportAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public

As of 31 December 2016, the government of Russia makes seven of eight key budget documents publicly available online in a timeframe consistent with international standards. This reflects a net decrease over the findings of the Open Budget Survey 2015, which assessed the availability of documents up to 30 June 2014. Since that assessment, Russia has failed to publish the Pre-Budget Statement in a timely manner.

To improve budget transparency, Russia should publish a Pre-Budget Statement in a timely manner. For more information on the content that the eight key budget documents should contain, and the publication timeframe for each document, please see IBP’s Guide to Transparency in Government Budget Reports and the Open Budget Survey Guidelines on Public Availability of Budget Documents.


2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Country Summary - Russian Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 74/100

The Government of Russia provides the public with substantial budget information.

Public Participation 25/100

The Government of Russia is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight

By legislature 79/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in Russia is adequate.

By auditor 100/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Russia is adequate.

Recommendations 

Improving Transparency

Russia should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by presenting more details on the classification of expenditures and debt and interest for prior years.
Improving Participation

Russia should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Establish even more credible and effective mechanisms for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters. When the research was conducted, the Russian government had plans to do so, which included working with reference groups; independent anti-corruption expertise and public monitoring; interacting with community councils and mass media; and engaging citizens, organizations, and public associations.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies, as well as on audit reports at which testimony from the public is heard.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution to formulate its audit program and participate in audit investigations.
Improving Oversight

Russia should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • In both law and practice, ensure the legislature is consulted prior to the spending of contingency funds that were not identified in the Enacted Budget.
  • Ensure the legislature holds public meetings to review Audit Reports.



2008

Downloads:
Country Summary Country Summary Country Summary Questionnaire

Russia’s score on the Open Budget Index shows that the government provides the public with some, albeit incomplete, information on the central government’s budget and financial activities during the course of the budget year. This makes it difficult for citizens to hold government accountable for its management of the public’s money.





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