Open Budget Survey Document Availability Tracker
December 2016 Update
To recognize improvements and identify slippages in budget transparency between rounds of the biennial Open Budget Survey, we periodically assess the public availability of the eight key budget documents – an essential component of transparency. This update presents the results of the most recent of these interim assessments.
|Open Budget Survey 2015||December 2016 Update|
|Pre-Budget Statement||Published Late||Available to the Public|
|Executive's Budget Proposal||Produced for Internal Use Only||Produced for Internal Use Only|
|Enacted Budget||Available to the Public||Produced for Internal Use Only|
|Citizens Budget||Not Produced||Not Produced|
|In-Year Reports||Produced for Internal Use Only||Produced for Internal Use Only|
|Mid-Year Review||Not Produced||Not Produced|
|Year-End Report||Available to the Public||Produced for Internal Use Only|
|Audit Report||Produced for Internal Use Only||Produced for Internal Use Only|
As of 31 December 2016, the government of Sudan makes one of eight key budget documents publicly available online in a timeframe consistent with international standards. This reflects a net decrease over the findings of the Open Budget Survey 2015, which assessed the availability of documents up to 30 June 2014. Since that assessment, Sudan has published the Pre-Budget Statement in a timely manner but produced the Enacted Budget and the Year-End Report for internal use only.
To improve budget transparency, Sudan should publish an Executive’s Budget Proposal, a Year-End Report, and an Enacted Budget. For more information on the content that the eight key budget documents should contain, and the publication timeframe for each document, please see IBP’s Guide to Transparency in Government Budget Reports and the Open Budget Survey Guidelines on Public Availability of Budget Documents.
Transparency (Open Budget Index) 10/100
The Government of Sudan provides the public with scant budget information.
Public Participation 0/100
The Government of Sudan provides the public with no opportunities to engage in the budget process.
By legislature 24/100
Budget oversight by the legislature in Sudan is weak.
By auditor 17/100
Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Sudan is weak.
Sudan should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:
- Publish an Executive’s Budget Proposal, In-Year Reports, and an Audit Report.
- Publish in a timely manner a Pre-Budget Statement.
- Produce and publish a Citizens Budget and Mid-Year Review.
Sudan should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:
- Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
- Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies at which testimony from the public is heard.
- Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution to formulate its audit program and participate in audit investigations.
Sudan should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:
- Ensure the Executive’s Budget Proposal is provided to legislators at least three months before the start of the budget year.
- Ensure the executive receives prior approval by the legislature before implementing a supplemental budget.
- Require legislative or judicial approval to remove the head of the supreme audit institution.