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Sudan

Open Budget Survey Document Availability Tracker

December 2016 Update

To recognize improvements and identify slippages in budget transparency between rounds of the biennial Open Budget Survey, we periodically assess the public availability of the eight key budget documents – an essential component of transparency. This update presents the results of the most recent of these interim assessments.

Sudan

Open Budget Survey 2015December 2016 Update
Pre-Budget StatementPublished LateAvailable to the Public
Executive's Budget ProposalProduced for Internal Use OnlyProduced for Internal Use Only
Enacted BudgetAvailable to the PublicProduced for Internal Use Only
Citizens BudgetNot ProducedNot Produced
In-Year ReportsProduced for Internal Use OnlyProduced for Internal Use Only
Mid-Year ReviewNot ProducedNot Produced
Year-End ReportAvailable to the PublicProduced for Internal Use Only
Audit ReportProduced for Internal Use OnlyProduced for Internal Use Only

As of 31 December 2016, the government of Sudan makes one of eight key budget documents publicly available online in a timeframe consistent with international standards. This reflects a net decrease over the findings of the Open Budget Survey 2015, which assessed the availability of documents up to 30 June 2014. Since that assessment, Sudan has published the Pre-Budget Statement in a timely manner but produced the Enacted Budget and the Year-End Report for internal use only.

To improve budget transparency, Sudan should publish an Executive’s Budget Proposal, a Year-End Report, and an Enacted Budget. For more information on the content that the eight key budget documents should contain, and the publication timeframe for each document, please see IBP’s Guide to Transparency in Government Budget Reports and the Open Budget Survey Guidelines on Public Availability of Budget Documents.


2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - Arabic Country Summary - English Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 10/100 

The Government of Sudan provides the public with scant budget information.

Public Participation 0/100 

The Government of Sudan provides the public with no opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight 

By legislature 24/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in Sudan is weak.

By auditor 17/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Sudan is weak.

Recommendations 

Improving Transparency

Sudan should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish an Executive’s Budget Proposal, In-Year Reports, and an Audit Report.
  • Publish in a timely manner a Pre-Budget Statement.
  • Produce and publish a Citizens Budget and Mid-Year Review.
Improving Participation

Sudan should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies at which testimony from the public is heard.  
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution to formulate its audit program and participate in audit investigations.
Improving Oversight

Sudan should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • Ensure the Executive’s Budget Proposal is provided to legislators at least three months before the start of the budget year.
  • Ensure the executive receives prior approval by the legislature before implementing a supplemental budget.
  • Require legislative or judicial approval to remove the head of the supreme audit institution.

 






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