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Turkey

Open Budget Survey Document Availability Tracker

December 2016 Update

To recognize improvements and identify slippages in budget transparency between rounds of the biennial Open Budget Survey, we periodically assess the public availability of the eight key budget documents – an essential component of transparency. This update presents the results of the most recent of these interim assessments.

Turkey

Open Budget Survey 2015December 2016 Update
Pre-Budget StatementPublished LatePublished Late
Executive's Budget ProposalAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Enacted BudgetAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Citizens BudgetNot ProducedAvailable to the Public
In-Year ReportsAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Mid-Year ReviewAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Year-End ReportAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Audit ReportAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public

As of 31 December 2016, the government of Turkey makes seven of eight key budget documents publicly available online in a timeframe consistent with international standards. This reflects a net increase over the findings of the Open Budget Survey 2015, which assessed the availability of documents up to 30 June 2014. Since that assessment, Turkey has published the Citizens Budget.

To improve budget transparency, Turkey should publish a Pre-Budget Statement in a timely manner. For more information on the content that the eight key budget documents should contain, and the publication timeframe for each document, please see IBP’s Guide to Transparency in Government Budget Reports and the Open Budget Survey Guidelines on Public Availability of Budget Documents.


2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 44/100

The Government of Turkey provides the public with limited budget information.

Public Participation 21/100

The Government of Turkey is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight 

By legislature 17/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in Turkey is weak.

By auditor 92/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Turkey is adequate.

Recommendations 

Improving Transparency

Turkey should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish in a timely manner a Pre-Budget Statement.
  • Produce and publish a Citizens Budget.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by presenting more details on policy narratives and performance information, as well as more information on issues beyond the core budget.
Improving Participation

Turkey should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies at which testimony from the public is heard.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution to formulate its audit program and to participate in audit investigations.
Improving Oversight

Turkey should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • Establish a specialized budget research office for the legislature.
  • Ensure the legislature holds a pre-budget debate and the outcome is reflected in the Enacted Budget.
  • In both law and practice, ensure the legislature is consulted prior to the virement of funds in the Enacted Budget, the spending of any unanticipated revenue, and the spending of contingency funds that were not identified in the Enacted Budget.

 



2010

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire





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