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Groups Doing Budget Work in Italy


Italy Open Budget Survey Results

Open Budget Survey 2017

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire
Transparency

73

out of 100
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Public Participation

7

out of 100
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Budget Oversight

78

out of 100
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IBP considers countries that score above 60 on the Open Budget Index as providing sufficient budget information to enable the public to engage in budget discussions in an informed manner. IBP considers countries scoring above 60 on participation and oversight as providing adequate opportunities for the public to participate in the budget process and providing adequate oversight practices, respectively.

Transparency (Open Budget Index)

73

out of 100

Italy provides the public with substantial budget information.

How Has the Open Budget Index Score Changed Over Time?
Recommendations for Improving Transparency

Italy should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Increase the information provided in the Executive’s Budget Proposal by increasing information on transfers to public corporations and quasi-fiscal activities.
  • Increase the information provided in the Year-End Report by including comparisons between the original macroeconomic forecast and the actual outcome and comparisons between borrowing estimates and the actual outcomes.

Public Participation

7

out of 100

Italy provides few opportunities for the public to engage in the budget process.

How Does Public Participation Compare to Other Countries in the Region?

Global Average 12/100
United Kingdom 57/100
Canada 39/100
United States 22/100
France 17/100
Germany 17/100
Norway 17/100
Sweden 17/100
Portugal 15/100
Italy 7/100
Spain 2/100
Recommendations for Improving Participation

Italy should prioritize the following actions to improve public participation in its budget process:

  • Pilot mechanisms for members of the public and executive branch officials to exchange views on national budget matters during both the formulation of the national budget and the monitoring of its implementation. These mechanisms could build on innovations, such as participatory budgeting and social audits. For examples of such mechanisms, see fiscaltransparency.net/mechanisms.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the Audit Report, during which members of the public or civil society organizations can testify.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution in formulating its audit program and to participate in relevant audit investigations.

Budget Oversight (by Legislature & Audit)

78

out of 100

The legislature and supreme audit institution in Italy provide adequate oversight of the budget.

To What Extent Does the Legislature Provide Budget Oversight?

Formulation/Approval 81/100
Execution/Audit 73/100

The legislature provides adequate oversight during the budget cycle. This score reflects that the legislature provides adequate oversight during the planning stage of the budget cycle and adequate oversight during the implementation stage of the budget cycle.

To What Extent Does the Supreme Audit Institution Provide Budget Oversight?

Adequate 78/100

The supreme audit institution provides adequate budget oversight.

Recommendations for Improving Oversight

Italy should prioritize the following actions to make budget oversight more effective:

  • Ensure a legislative committee examines and publishes reports on in-year budget implementation online.
  • Ensure audit processes are reviewed by an independent agency.
  • Publish the reports of the independent fiscal institution on cost estimates of all new policy proposals online.

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The information on this page presents a partial country summary. For more detailed information, please download:


Open Budget Survey 2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 73/100 

The Government of Italy provides the public with substantial budget information.

Public Participation 35/100

The Government of Italy is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight 

By legislature 79/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in Italy is adequate.

By auditor 67/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Italy is adequate.

Recommendations

Improving Transparency

Italy should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by presenting more information on quasi-fiscal activities and contingent liabilities and including a sensitivity analysis on how alternative scenarios of different macroeconomic variables could affect the budget.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Year-End Report by presenting more information on planned versus actual debt and interest and on planned versus actual macroeconomic forecasts.
Improving Participation

Italy should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies at which testimony from the public is heard.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution to formulate its audit program and participate in audit investigations.
Improving Oversight

Italy should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • In both law and practice, ensure the legislature is consulted prior to the spending of contingency funds that were not identified in the Enacted Budget.
  • Establish a system of quality control for the supreme audit institution.

Open Budget Survey 2012

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Questionnaire