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Groups Doing Budget Work in Papua New Guinea


Papua New Guinea Open Budget Survey Results

Open Budget Survey 2017

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire
Transparency

50

out of 100
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Public Participation

6

out of 100
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Budget Oversight

31

out of 100
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IBP considers countries that score above 60 on the Open Budget Index as providing sufficient budget information to enable the public to engage in budget discussions in an informed manner. IBP considers countries scoring above 60 on participation and oversight as providing adequate opportunities for the public to participate in the budget process and providing adequate oversight practices, respectively.

Transparency (Open Budget Index)

50

out of 100

Papua New Guinea provides the public with limited budget information.

How Has the Open Budget Index Score Changed Over Time?
Recommendations for Improving Transparency

Papua New Guinea should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish a Pre-Budget Statement online in a timely manner.
  • Produce and publish In-Year Reports, an Audit Report, and a Citizens Budget.
  • Increase the information provided in the Year-End Report by including comparisons between planned nonfinancial outcomes and actual outcomes and comparisons between original macroeconomic forecasts and actual outcomes.

Public Participation

6

out of 100

Papua New Guinea provides few opportunities for the public to engage in the budget process.

How Does Public Participation Compare to Other Countries in the Region?

Global Average 12/100
New Zealand 59/100
Australia 41/100
South Korea 39/100
Japan 20/100
Fiji 15/100
China 6/100
Papua New Guinea 6/100
Recommendations for Improving Participation

Papua New Guinea should prioritize the following actions to improve public participation in its budget process:

  • Pilot mechanisms for members of the public and executive branch officials to exchange views on national budget matters during both the formulation of the national budget and the monitoring of its implementation. These mechanisms could build on innovations, such as participatory budgeting and social audits. For examples of such mechanisms, see fiscaltransparency.net/mechanisms.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the formulation of the annual budget, during which members of the public or civil society organizations can testify.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution in formulating its audit program and to participate in relevant audit investigations.

Budget Oversight (by Legislature & Audit)

31

out of 100

The legislature and supreme audit institution in Papua New Guinea provide weak oversight of the budget.

To What Extent Does the Legislature Provide Budget Oversight?

Formulation/Approval 33/100
Execution/Audit 27/100

The legislature provides weak oversight during the budget cycle. This score reflects that the legislature provides weak oversight during the planning stage of the budget cycle and weak oversight during the implementation stage of the budget cycle.

To What Extent Does the Supreme Audit Institution Provide Budget Oversight?

Weak 33/100

The supreme audit institution provides weak budget oversight.

Recommendations for Improving Oversight

Papua New Guinea should prioritize the following actions to make budget oversight more effective:

  • Ensure legislative committees examine and publish reports on their analysis of the Executive’s Budget Proposal online.
  • Ensure a legislative committee examines and publishes reports on in-year budget implementation online.
  • Ensure the supreme audit institution has adequate funding to perform its duties, as determined by an independent body (e.g., the legislature or judiciary).
  • Consider setting up an independent fiscal institution.

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The information on this page presents a partial country summary. For more detailed information, please download:


Open Budget Survey 2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 55/100 

The Government of Papua New Guinea provides the public with limited budget information.

Public Participation 23/100

The Government of Papua New Guinea is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight 

By legislature 36/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in Papua New Guinea is weak.

By auditor 50/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Papua New Guinea is limited.

Recommendations

Improving Transparency

Papua New Guinea should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Produce and publish an Audit Report, In-Year Reports, and Citizens Budget.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by, for example, presenting more information on issues beyond the core budget.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Year-End Report.
Improving Participation

Papua New Guinea should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Provide detailed feedback on how public perspectives have been captured and taken into account.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies at which testimony from the public is heard.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution to formulate its audit program and to participate in audit investigations.
Improving Oversight

Papua New Guinea should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • Establish a specialized budget research office for the legislature.
  • In both law and practice, ensure the legislature is consulted prior to the virement of funds in the Enacted Budget and the spending of contingency funds that were not identified in the Enacted Budget.
  • Ensure the supreme audit institution has adequate funding to perform its duties, as determined by an independent body (e.g., the legislature or judiciary).

Open Budget Survey 2012

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Questionnaire