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Azerbaijan

Open Budget Survey 2017

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Country Summary - Russian Questionnaire
Transparency

34

out of 100
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Public Participation

11

out of 100
Read More

Budget Oversight

63

out of 100
Read More

IBP considers countries that score above 60 on the Open Budget Index as providing sufficient budget information to enable the public to engage in budget discussions in an informed manner. IBP considers countries scoring above 60 on participation and oversight as providing adequate opportunities for the public to participate in the budget process and providing adequate oversight practices, respectively.

Transparency (Open Budget Index)

34

out of 100

Azerbaijan provides the public with minimal budget information.

How Has the Open Budget Index Score Changed Over Time?
Recommendations for Improving Transparency

Azerbaijan should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Continue to publish the Citizens Budget online in a timely manner. (During the research period for OBS 2017 the Citizens Budget was published late. Subsequently, in February 2017, the government made the Citizens Budget available to the public online in a timely manner.)
  • Produce and publish a Pre-Budget Statement and a Mid-Year Review.
  • Provide more detailed information in the Executive’s Budget Proposal for expenditures by administrative unit and by programs, with estimates for the year prior to the budget year and at least two years after the budget year, and including additional information linking spending proposals to policy priorities.

Public Participation

11

out of 100

Azerbaijan provides few opportunities for the public to engage in the budget process.

How Does Public Participation Compare to Other Countries in the Region?

Global Average 12/100
Kyrgyz Republic 31/100
Georgia 22/100
Kazakhstan 13/100
Russia 13/100
Azerbaijan 11/100
Mongolia 7/100
Tajikistan 7/100
Turkey 0/100
Recommendations for Improving Participation

Azerbaijan should prioritize the following actions to improve public participation in its budget process:

  • Pilot mechanisms for members of the public and executive branch officials to exchange views on national budget matters. These mechanisms could build on innovations, such as participatory budgeting and social audits. For examples of such mechanisms, see fiscaltransparency.net/mechanisms.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the formulation of the annual budget, during which members of the public or civil society organizations can testify.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to participate in relevant audit investigations.

Budget Oversight (by Legislature & Audit)

63

out of 100

The legislature and supreme audit institution in Azerbaijan provide adequate oversight of the budget.

To What Extent Does the Legislature Provide Budget Oversight?

Formulation/Approval 52/100
Execution/Audit 53/100

The legislature provides limited oversight during the budget cycle. This score reflects that the legislature provides limited oversight during the planning stage of the budget cycle and limited oversight during the implementation stage of the budget cycle.

To What Extent Does the Supreme Audit Institution Provide Budget Oversight?

Adequate 83/100

The supreme audit institution provides adequate budget oversight.

Recommendations for Improving Oversight

Azerbaijan should prioritize the following actions to make budget oversight more effective:

  • Ensure the Executive’s Budget Proposal is provided to legislators at least two months before the start of the budget year.
  • Ensure a legislative committee examines and publishes a report on the Audit Report online.
  • Ensure audit processes are reviewed by an independent agency.
  • Consider setting up an independent fiscal institution.

Learn More

The information on this page presents a partial country summary. For more detailed information, please download:


Open Budget Survey 2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Country Summary - Russian Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 51/100 

The Government of Azerbaijan provides the public with limited budget information.

 Public Participation 19/100 

The Government of Azerbaijan is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight 

 By legislature 37/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in Azerbaijan is weak.

 By auditor 50/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Azerbaijan is limited.

Recommendations

Improving Transparency

Azerbaijan should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  •  Produce and publish a Pre-Budget Statement and Mid-Year Review.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by presenting more details on policy narratives and performance information.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Year-End Report.
 Improving Participation

Azerbaijan should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  •  Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies at which testimony from the public is heard.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to participate in audit investigations.
 Improving Oversight

Azerbaijan should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  •  Establish a specialized budget research office for the legislature.
  • In both law and practice, ensure the legislature is consulted prior to the virement of funds in the Enacted Budget and the spending of contingency funds that were not identified in the Enacted Budget.
  • Grant the supreme audit institution full powers to undertake audits as it sees fit.


Open Budget Survey 2010

Downloads:
Country Summary Country Summary - Russian Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2008

Downloads:
Country Summary Country Summary - Russian Questionnaire

Azerbaijan’s score on the Open Budget Index shows that the government provides the public with minimal information on the central government’s budget and financial activities during the course of the budget year. This makes it difficult for citizens to hold government accountable for its management of the public’s money.


Open Budget Survey 2006

Downloads:
Country Summary Country Summary - Russian Questionnaire



See more on budget work in Azerbaijan »