Next Country »
« Back to Country List

Bangladesh

Open Budget Survey 2017

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire
Transparency

41

out of 100
Read More

Public Participation

13

out of 100
Read More

Budget Oversight

44

out of 100
Read More

IBP considers countries that score above 60 on the Open Budget Index as providing sufficient budget information to enable the public to engage in budget discussions in an informed manner. IBP considers countries scoring above 60 on participation and oversight as providing adequate opportunities for the public to participate in the budget process and providing adequate oversight practices, respectively.

Transparency (Open Budget Index)

41

out of 100

Bangladesh provides the public with limited budget information.

How Has the Open Budget Index Score Changed Over Time?
Recommendations for Improving Transparency

Bangladesh should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish a Mid-Year Review and a Pre-Budget Statement online.
  • Produce and publish an Audit Report and a Citizens Budget.
  • Publish the In-Year Reports online in a timely manner.

Public Participation

13

out of 100

Bangladesh provides few opportunities for the public to engage in the budget process.

How Does Public Participation Compare to Other Countries in the Region?

Global Average 12/100
Nepal 24/100
Afghanistan 15/100
India 15/100
Bangladesh 13/100
Sri Lanka 11/100
Pakistan 6/100
Recommendations for Improving Participation

Bangladesh should prioritize the following actions to improve public participation in its budget process:

  • Pilot mechanisms for members of the public and executive branch officials to exchange views on national budget matters during both the formulation of the national budget and the monitoring of its implementation. These mechanisms could build on innovations, such as participatory budgeting and social audits. For examples of such mechanisms, see fiscaltransparency.net/mechanisms.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the Audit Report, during which members of the public or civil society organizations can testify.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution in formulating its audit program and to participate in relevant audit investigations.

Budget Oversight (by Legislature & Audit)

44

out of 100

The legislature and supreme audit institution in Bangladesh provide limited oversight of the budget.

To What Extent Does the Legislature Provide Budget Oversight?

Formulation/Approval 48/100
Execution/Audit 33/100

The legislature provides limited oversight during the budget cycle. This score reflects that the legislature provides limited oversight during the planning stage of the budget cycle and weak oversight during the implementation stage of the budget cycle.

To What Extent Does the Supreme Audit Institution Provide Budget Oversight?

Limited 50/100

The supreme audit institution provides limited budget oversight.

Recommendations for Improving Oversight

Bangladesh should prioritize the following actions to make budget oversight more effective:

  • Ensure the Executive’s Budget Proposal is provided to legislators at least two months before the start of the budget year.
  • Ensure a legislative committee examines and publishes reports on in-year budget implementation online.
  • Ensure audit processes are reviewed by an independent agency.
  • Consider setting up an independent fiscal institution to further strengthen budget oversight.

Learn More

The information on this page presents a partial country summary. For more detailed information, please download:


Open Budget Survey 2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 56/100

The Government of Bangladesh provides the public with limited budget information.

 Public Participation 23/100 

The Government of Bangladesh is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.

 Budget Oversight  

 By legislature 49/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in Bangladesh is limited.

 By auditor 75/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit in Bangladesh is adequate.

Recommendations 

Improving Transparency

Bangladesh should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  •  Publish a Pre-Budget Statement.
  • Produce and publish an Audit Report in a timely manner.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Year-End Report.
 Improving Participation

Bangladesh should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  •  Provide detailed feedback on how public perspectives have been captured and taken into account.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies at which testimony from the public is heard.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution to formulate its audit program and to participate in audit investigations.
 Improving Oversight

Bangladesh should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  •  Ensure the Executive’s Budget Proposal is provided to legislators at least three months before the start of the budget year.
  • Ensure the executive receives prior approval by the legislature before implementing a supplemental budget.
  • In both law and practice, ensure the legislature is consulted prior to the spending of any unanticipated revenue and the spending of contingency funds that were not identified in the Enacted Budget.

 


Open Budget Survey 2012

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2010

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2008

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire

Bangladesh’s score on the Open Budget Index shows that the government provides the public with some, albeit incomplete, information on the central government’s budget and financial activities during the course of the budget year. This makes it difficult for citizens to hold government accountable for its management of the public’s money.


Open Budget Survey 2006

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire



See more on budget work in Bangladesh »