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Democratic Republic of Congo

Open Budget Survey 2017

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Country Summary - French Questionnaire
Transparency

29

out of 100
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Public Participation

9

out of 100
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Budget Oversight

46

out of 100
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IBP considers countries that score above 60 on the Open Budget Index as providing sufficient budget information to enable the public to engage in budget discussions in an informed manner. IBP considers countries scoring above 60 on participation and oversight as providing adequate opportunities for the public to participate in the budget process and providing adequate oversight practices, respectively.

Transparency (Open Budget Index)

29

out of 100

The Democratic Republic of Congo provides the public with minimal budget information.

How Has the Open Budget Index Score Changed Over Time?
Recommendations for Improving Transparency

The Democratic Republic of Congo should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish a Year-End Report online.
  • Publish a Mid-Year Review online in a timely manner.
  • Produce and publish an Audit Report.

Public Participation

9

out of 100

The Democratic Republic of Congo provides few opportunities for the public to engage in the budget process.

How Does Public Participation Compare to Other Countries in the Region?

Global Average 12/100
Benin 9/100
Democratic Republic of Congo 9/100
Cameroon 7/100
Mali 6/100
Senegal 2/100
Chad 0/100
Côte d’Ivoire 0/100
Burkina Faso 0/100
Niger 0/100
Recommendations for Improving Participation

The Democratic Republic of Congo should prioritize the following actions to improve public participation in its budget process:

  • Pilot mechanisms for members of the public and executive branch officials to exchange views on national budget matters during both the formulation of the national budget and the monitoring of its implementation. These mechanisms could build on innovations, such as participatory budgeting and social audits. For examples of such mechanisms, see fiscaltransparency.net/mechanisms.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the formulation of the annual budget, during which members of the public or civil society organizations can testify.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution in formulating its audit program and to participate in relevant audit investigations

Budget Oversight (by Legislature & Audit)

46

out of 100

The legislature and supreme audit institution in the Democratic Republic of Congo provide limited oversight of the budget.

To What Extent Does the Legislature Provide Budget Oversight?

Formulation/Approval 57/100
Execution/Audit 27/100

The legislature provides limited oversight during the budget cycle. This score reflects that the legislature provides limited oversight during the planning stage of the budget cycle and weak oversight during the implementation stage of the budget cycle.

To What Extent Does the Supreme Audit Institution Provide Budget Oversight?

Limited 50/100

The supreme audit institution provides limited budget oversight.

Recommendations for Improving Oversight

The Democratic Republic of Congo should prioritize the following actions to make budget oversight more effective:

  • Ensure the legislature holds a debate on budget policy prior to the tabling of the Executive’s Budget Proposal and approves recommendations for the upcoming budget.
  • Ensure a legislative committee examines and publishes reports on in-year budget implementation online.
  • Ensure the supreme audit institution has adequate funding to perform its duties, as determined by an independent body (e.g., the legislature or judiciary).
  • Consider setting up an independent fiscal institution.

Open Budget Survey 2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Country Summary - French Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 39/100

The Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo provides the public with minimal budget information.

Public Participation 13/100 

The Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight

By legislature 39/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in the Democratic Republic of Congo is weak. 

By auditor 50/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in the Democratic Republic of Congo is limited. 

Recommendations

Improving Transparency

The Democratic Republic of Congo should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish a Year-End Report in a timely manner.
  • Produce and publish a Mid-Year Review and an Audit Report.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by presenting information on the classification of expenditures for future years and the classification of revenues for future years.
Improving Participation

The Democratic Republic of Congo should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies as well as on audit reports at which testimony from the public is heard.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution to formulate its audit program and participate in audit investigations.
Improving Oversight

The Democratic Republic of Congo should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • Ensure the executive receives prior approval by the legislature before implementing a supplemental budget.
  • In both law and practice, ensure the legislature is consulted prior to the virement of funds in the Enacted Budget, the spending of any unanticipated revenue, and the spending of contingency funds that were not identified in the Enacted Budget.
  • Ensure the supreme audit institution has adequate funding to perform its duties, as determined by an independent body (e.g., the legislature or judiciary).


Open Budget Survey 2010

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2008

Downloads:
Country Summary Country Summary - French Questionnaire



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