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China

Open Budget Survey 2017

Downloads:
Country Summary Country Summary - Chinese Questionnaire
Transparency

13

out of 100
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Public Participation

6

out of 100
Read More

Budget Oversight

28

out of 100
Read More

IBP considers countries that score above 60 on the Open Budget Index as providing sufficient budget information to enable the public to engage in budget discussions in an informed manner. IBP considers countries scoring above 60 on participation and oversight as providing adequate opportunities for the public to participate in the budget process and providing adequate oversight practices, respectively.

Transparency (Open Budget Index)

13

out of 100

China provides the public with scant budget information.

How Has the Open Budget Index Score Changed Over Time?
Recommendations for Improving Transparency

China should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish an Executive’s Budget Proposal online.
  • Produce and publish a Pre-Budget Statement, Citizens Budget, and Mid-Year Review.
  • Provide information and data on detailed actual outcomes for expenditures and comparisons between the original macroeconomic forecast and the actual outcome in the Year-End Report.

Public Participation

6

out of 100

China provides few opportunities for the public to engage in the budget process.

How Does Public Participation Compare to Other Countries in the Region?

Global Average 12/100
New Zealand 59/100
Australia 41/100
South Korea 39/100
Japan 20/100
Fiji 15/100
China 6/100
Papua New Guinea 6/100
Recommendations for Improving Participation

China should prioritize the following actions to improve public participation in its budget process:

  • Pilot mechanisms for members of the public and executive branch officials to exchange views on national budget matters during both the formulation of the national budget and the monitoring of its implementation. These mechanisms could build on innovations, such as participatory budgeting and social audits. For examples of such mechanisms, see fiscaltransparency.net/mechanisms.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the formulation of the annual budget, during which members of the public or civil society organizations can testify.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to participate in relevant audit investigations.

Budget Oversight (by Legislature & Audit)

28

out of 100

The legislature and supreme audit institution in China provide weak oversight of the budget.

To What Extent Does the Legislature Provide Budget Oversight?

Formulation/Approval 14/100
Execution/Audit 13/100

The legislature provides weak oversight during the budget cycle. This score reflects that the legislature provides weak oversight during the planning stage of the budget cycle and weak oversight during the implementation stage of the budget cycle.

To What Extent Does the Supreme Audit Institution Provide Budget Oversight?

Limited 56/100

The supreme audit institution provides limited budget oversight.

Recommendations for Improving Oversight

China should prioritize the following actions to make budget oversight more effective:

  • Ensure the Executive’s Budget Proposal is provided to legislators at least two months before the start of the budget year.
  • In practice, ensure the legislature is consulted before the executive shifts funds between administrative units specified in the Enacted Budget during the budget year or reduces spending due to revenue shortfalls.
  • Grant the supreme audit institution full powers to undertake audits as it sees fit.
  • Consider setting up an independent fiscal institution.

Learn More

The information on this page presents a partial country summary. For more detailed information, please download:


Open Budget Survey 2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - Chinese Country Summary - English Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 14/100 

The Government of China provides the public with scant budget information.

Public Participation 6/100 

The Government of China is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight

By legislature 3/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in China is weak.

By auditor 50/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in China is limited.

Recommendations 

Improving Transparency

China should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish in a timely manner the Executive’s Budget Proposal.
  • Produce and publish a pre-budget statement, Citizen’s Budget, and Mid-Year Review.
Improving Participation

China should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  •  Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies at which testimony from the public is heard.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution to formulate its audit program and participate in audit investigations.
 Improving Oversight

China should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • Establish a specialized budget research office for the legislature.
  • Ensure the executive receives prior approval by the legislature before implementing a supplemental budget.
  • Ensure the supreme audit institution has adequate funding to perform its duties, as determined by an independent body (e.g., the legislature or judiciary).


Open Budget Survey 2010

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2008

Downloads:
Country Summary Country Summary - Chinese Questionnaire



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