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Colombia

Open Budget Survey 2017

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Country Summary - Spanish Questionnaire
Transparency

50

out of 100
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Public Participation

15

out of 100
Read More

Budget Oversight

68

out of 100
Read More

IBP considers countries that score above 60 on the Open Budget Index as providing sufficient budget information to enable the public to engage in budget discussions in an informed manner. IBP considers countries scoring above 60 on participation and oversight as providing adequate opportunities for the public to participate in the budget process and providing adequate oversight practices, respectively.

Transparency (Open Budget Index)

50

out of 100

Colombia provides the public with limited budget information.

How Has the Open Budget Index Score Changed Over Time?
Recommendations for Improving Transparency

Colombia should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  •  Publish a Mid-Year Review online.
  • Publish in a timely manner a Citizens Budget online.
  • Increase the information provided in the Executive’s Budget Proposal, providing more detail on budget performance measures, linking the budget more closely to policy, and providing more information on the macroeconomic forecast and its potential effect on the budget.

Public Participation

15

out of 100

Colombia provides few opportunities for the public to engage in the budget process.

How Does Public Participation Compare to Other Countries in the Region?

Global Average 12/100
Brazil 35/100
Peru 22/100
Colombia 15/100
Argentina 13/100
Bolivia 13/100
Chile 11/100
Paraguay 11/100
Venezuela 7/100
Ecuador 6/100
Recommendations for Improving Participation

Colombia should prioritize the following actions to improve public participation in its budget process:

  • Pilot mechanisms that will provide opportunities for members of the public and executive branch officials to exchange views on national budget matters during the formulation of the national budget and the monitoring of its implementation. These mechanisms could build on innovations, such as participatory budgeting and social audits. For examples of such mechanisms, see fiscaltransparency.net/mechanisms.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the formulation of the annual budget, during which any member of the public or civil society organizations can testify.

Budget Oversight (by Legislature & Audit)

68

out of 100

The legislature and supreme audit institution in Colombia provide adequate oversight of the budget.

To What Extent Does the Legislature Provide Budget Oversight?

Formulation/Approval 76/100
Execution/Audit 40/100

The legislature provides adequate oversight during the budget cycle. This score reflects that the legislature provides adequate oversight during the planning stage of the budget cycle and weak oversight during the implementation stage of the budget cycle.

To What Extent Does the Supreme Audit Institution Provide Budget Oversight?

Adequate 83/100

The supreme audit institution provides adequate budget oversight.

Recommendations for Improving Oversight

Colombia should prioritize the following actions to make budget oversight more effective:

  • Ensure a legislative committee examines in-year budget implementation and publishes reports with recommendations online.
  • Ensure audit processes are reviewed by an independent agency.
  • Publish the reports of the independent fiscal institution on cost estimates of new policy proposals online.

Open Budget Survey 2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Country Summary - Spanish Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 57/100 

The Government of Colombia provides the public with limited budget information.

Public Participation 46/100 

The Government of Colombia provides the public with limited opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight 

By legislature 83/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in Colombia is adequate.

By auditor 92/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Colombia is adequate.

Recommendations 

Improving Transparency

Colombia should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Produce and publish a Mid-Year Review.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by presenting more information on the classification of expenditures for future years and on the classification of revenues for future years.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Year-End Report by presenting more information on planned versus actual expenditures and on planned versus actual revenues.
Improving Participation

Colombia should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
  • Open the hearings on the audit reports to the public so they can testify.
  • Publish reports on public budget hearings.
Improving Oversight

Colombia should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • Establish regular consultations on budget matters between the executive and the legislature.

 



Open Budget Survey 2010

Downloads:
Country Summary Country Summary - Spanish Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2008

Downloads:
Country Summary Country Summary - Spanish Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2006

Downloads:
Country Summary Country Summary - Spanish Questionnaire



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