Next Country »
« Back to Country List

Dominican Republic

Open Budget Survey 2017

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Country Summary - Spanish Questionnaire
Transparency

66

out of 100
Read More

Public Participation

17

out of 100
Read More

Budget Oversight

57

out of 100
Read More

IBP considers countries that score above 60 on the Open Budget Index as providing sufficient budget information to enable the public to engage in budget discussions in an informed manner. IBP considers countries scoring above 60 on participation and oversight as providing adequate opportunities for the public to participate in the budget process and providing adequate oversight practices, respectively.

Transparency (Open Budget Index)

66

out of 100

The Dominican Republic provides the public with substantial budget information.

How Has the Open Budget Index Score Changed Over Time?
Recommendations for Improving Transparency

The Dominican Republic should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Increase the information provided in the Executive’s Budget Proposal by providing more information on the macroeconomic forecast and its potential impact on the budget, including interest rates, as well as detailed information on extra-budgetary funds.
  • Increase the information provided in the Year-End Report by providing comparisons of planned nonfinancial outcomes and actual outcomes and comparisons of original estimates for extra-budgetary funds to results for extra-budgetary funds.

Public Participation

17

out of 100

The Dominican Republic provides few opportunities for the public to engage in the budget process.

How Does Public Participation Compare to Other Countries in the Region?

Global Average 12/100
Mexico 35/100
Guatemala 30/100
Dominican Republic 17/100
Nicaragua 11/100
Trinidad and Tobago 7/100
Honduras 7/100
Costa Rica 7/100
El Salvador 6/100
Recommendations for Improving Participation

The Dominican Republic should prioritize the following actions to improve public participation in its budget process:

  • Pilot mechanisms for members of the public and executive branch officials to exchange views on national budget matters during both the formulation of the national budget and the monitoring of its implementation. These mechanisms could build on innovations, such as participatory budgeting and social audits. For examples of such mechanisms, see fiscaltransparency.net/mechanisms.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the formulation of the annual budget, during which any members of the public or civil society organizations can testify.

Budget Oversight (by Legislature & Audit)

57

out of 100

The legislature and supreme audit institution in the Dominican Republic provide limited oversight of the budget.

To What Extent Does the Legislature Provide Budget Oversight?

Formulation/Approval 52/100
Execution/Audit 57/100

The legislature provides limited oversight during the budget cycle. This score reflects that the legislature provides limited oversight during the planning stage of the budget cycle and adequate oversight during the implementation stage of the budget cycle.

To What Extent Does the Supreme Audit Institution Provide Budget Oversight?

Limited 56/100

The supreme audit institution provides limited budget oversight.

Recommendations for Improving Oversight

The Dominican Republicshould prioritize the following actions to make budget oversight more effective:

  • Ensure the legislature holds a debate on budget policy prior to the tabling of the Executive’s Budget Proposal and approves recommendations for the upcoming budget.
  • Ensure a legislative committee examines and publishes reports on in-year budget implementation online.
  • Ensure the supreme audit institution has adequate funding to perform its duties, as determined by an independent body (e.g., the legislature or judiciary).
  • Consider setting up an independent fiscal institution.

Open Budget Survey 2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Country Summary - Spanish Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 51/100 

The Government of the Dominican Republic provides the public with limited budget information.

Public Participation 23/100 

The Government of the Dominican Republic is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight 

By legislature 70/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in the Dominican Republic is adequate.

By auditor 58/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in the Dominican Republic is limited.

Recommendations 

Improving Transparency

The Dominican Republic should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish a Pre-Budget Statement.
  • Produce and publish a Mid-Year Review.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by presenting the Multi-Annual Planning Budget of the Ministry of Economic Planning and Development at the same time as the Executive’s Budget Proposal and the classification of expenditures for prior years.
Improving Participation

The Dominican Republic should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies as well as on audit reports at which testimony from the public is heard.
  • Establish effective ways of communicating audit findings to the public.
Improving Oversight

The Dominican Republic should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • Establish regular consultations on budget matters between the executive and the legislature.
  • In both law and practice, ensure the legislature is consulted prior to the spending of contingency funds that were not identified in the Enacted Budget.
  • Ensure the supreme audit institution has adequate funding to perform its duties, as determined by an independent body (e.g., the legislature or judiciary).

 



Open Budget Survey 2010

Downloads:
Country Summary Country Summary - Spanish Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2008

Downloads:
Country Summary Country Summary - Spanish Questionnaire



See more on budget work in Dominican Republic »