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Fiji

Open Budget Survey 2017

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire
Transparency

41

out of 100
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Public Participation

15

out of 100
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Budget Oversight

15

out of 100
Read More

IBP considers countries that score above 60 on the Open Budget Index as providing sufficient budget information to enable the public to engage in budget discussions in an informed manner. IBP considers countries scoring above 60 on participation and oversight as providing adequate opportunities for the public to participate in the budget process and providing adequate oversight practices, respectively.

Transparency (Open Budget Index)

41

out of 100

Fiji provides the public with limited budget information.

How Has the Open Budget Index Score Changed Over Time?
Recommendations for Improving Transparency

Fiji should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish the Mid-Year Review, the Pre-Budget Statement, and the In-Year Reports online in a timely manner.
  • Produce and publish a Year-End Report.
  • Continue to publish the Citizens Budget online. (For the duration of the period researched by OBS 2017, the Citizens Budget was not available online, but in June 2017 the government produced and published a Citizens Budget.)

Public Participation

15

out of 100

Fiji provides few opportunities for the public to engage in the budget process.

How Does Public Participation Compare to Other Countries in the Region?

Global Average 12/100
New Zealand 59/100
Australia 41/100
South Korea 39/100
Japan 20/100
Fiji 15/100
China 6/100
Papua New Guinea 6/100
Recommendations for Improving Participation

Fiji should prioritize the following actions to improve public participation in its budget process:

  • Pilot mechanisms for members of the public and executive branch officials to exchange views on national budget matters during the monitoring of the implementation of the national budget. These mechanisms could build on innovations, such as participatory budgeting and social audits. For examples of such mechanisms, see fiscaltransparency.net/mechanisms.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the formulation of the annual budget, during which members of the public or civil society organizations can testify.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution in formulating its audit program and to participate in relevant audit investigations.

Budget Oversight (by Legislature & Audit)

15

out of 100

The legislature and supreme audit institution in Fiji provide weak oversight of the budget.

To What Extent Does the Legislature Provide Budget Oversight?

Formulation/Approval 14/100
Execution/Audit 0/100

The legislature provides weak oversight during the budget cycle. This score reflects that the legislature provides weak oversight during the planning stage of the budget cycle and no oversight during the implementation stage of the budget cycle.

To What Extent Does the Supreme Audit Institution Provide Budget Oversight?

Weak 28/100

The supreme audit institution provides weak budget oversight.

Recommendations for Improving Oversight

Fiji should prioritize the following actions to make budget oversight more effective:

  • Ensure legislative committees examine and publish reports on their analysis of the Executive’s Budget Proposal online.
  • In practice, ensure the legislature is consulted prior to shifting funds between administrative units away from what is specified in the Enacted Budget during the budget year, spending of any unanticipated revenue, or reducing spending due to revenue shortfalls.
  • Require legislative or judicial approval to appoint and remove the head of the supreme audit institution.
  • Consider setting up an independent fiscal institution.

Learn More

The information on this page presents a partial country summary. For more detailed information, please download:


Open Budget Survey 2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 15/100

The Government of Fiji provides the public with scant budget information.

Public Participation 10/100

The Government of Fiji is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight 

By legislature 0/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in Fiji is nonexistent[1].

By auditor 25/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Fiji is weak.

Recommendations

Improving Transparency

Fiji should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency[2]:

  • Publish a Pre-Budget Statement, an Enacted Budget, an In-Year Report, and a Mid-Year Review.
  • Produce and publish a Citizens Budget and a Year-End Report.
Improving Participation

Fiji should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies at which testimony from the public is heard.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution to formulate its audit program and to participate in audit investigations.
Improving Oversight

Fiji should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • Establish a specialized budget research office for the legislature.
  • Ensure the Executive’s Budget Proposal is provided to legislators at least three months before the start of the budget year.
  • Require legislative or judicial approval to remove the head of the supreme audit institution.

 

 

[1] During the Survey research period, Fiji did not have a legislature in place. However, parliamentary elections were held in 2014.

[2] According to the Open Budget Survey Tracker (www.obstracker.org), the 2015 Pre-Budget Statement, 2015 Enacted Budget, and 2013 Year-End Report are considered not publicly available. The 2014 Pre-Budget Statement, 2014 Enacted Budget, and 2012 Year-End Report, which were assessed as part of the Open Budget Survey 2015, were published in a timely manner.


Open Budget Survey 2012

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2010

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2008

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire



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