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France

Open Budget Survey 2017

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Country Summary - French Questionnaire - English Questionnaire - French
Transparency

74

out of 100
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Public Participation

17

out of 100
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Budget Oversight

85

out of 100
Read More

IBP considers countries that score above 60 on the Open Budget Index as providing sufficient budget information to enable the public to engage in budget discussions in an informed manner. IBP considers countries scoring above 60 on participation and oversight as providing adequate opportunities for the public to participate in the budget process and providing adequate oversight practices, respectively.

Transparency (Open Budget Index)

74

out of 100

France provides the public with substantial budget information.

How Has the Open Budget Index Score Changed Over Time?
Recommendations for Improving Transparency

France should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish a Mid-Year Review online in a timely manner.
  • Increase the information provided in the Pre-Budget Statement.

Public Participation

17

out of 100

France provides few opportunities for the public to engage in the budget process.

How Does Public Participation Compare to Other Countries in the Region?

Global Average 12/100
United Kingdom 57/100
Canada 39/100
United States 22/100
France 17/100
Germany 17/100
Norway 17/100
Sweden 17/100
Portugal 15/100
Italy 7/100
Spain 2/100
Recommendations for Improving Participation

France should prioritize the following actions to improve public participation in its budget process:

  • Pilot mechanisms for members of the public and executive branch officials to exchange views on national budget matters during both the formulation of the national budget and the monitoring of its implementation. These mechanisms could build on innovations, such as participatory budgeting and social audits. For examples of such mechanisms, see fiscaltransparency.net/mechanisms.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the formulation of the annual budget, during which members of the public or civil society organizations can testify.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution in formulating its audit program and to participate in relevant audit investigations.

Budget Oversight (by Legislature & Audit)

85

out of 100

The legislature and supreme audit institution in France provide adequate oversight of the budget.

To What Extent Does the Legislature Provide Budget Oversight?

Formulation/Approval 91/100
Execution/Audit 87/100

The legislature provides adequate oversight during the budget cycle. This score reflects that the legislature provides adequate oversight during the planning stage of the budget cycle and adequate oversight during the implementation stage of the budget cycle.

To What Extent Does the Supreme Audit Institution Provide Budget Oversight?

Adequate 78/100

The supreme audit institution provides adequate budget oversight.

Recommendations for Improving Oversight

France should prioritize the following actions to make budget oversight more effective:

  • Ensure a legislative committee examines and publishes a report on the Audit Report online.
  • Require legislative or judicial approval to appoint the head of the supreme audit institution.
  • Publish the reports of the independent fiscal institution on cost estimates of new policy proposals online.

Open Budget Survey 2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Country Summary - French Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 76/100 

The Government of France provides the public with substantial budget information.

Public Participation 40/100 

The Government of France is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight 

By legislature 91/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in France is adequate.

By auditor institution 75/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in France is adequate.

Recommendations 

Improving Transparency

France should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by presenting the classification of expenditures for future years and the classification of revenues for future years.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Year-End Report by presenting more information on planned versus actual macroeconomic forecasts.
Improving Participation

France should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies at which testimony from the public is heard.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution to formulate its audit program and participate in audit investigations.

 

 



Open Budget Survey 2010

Downloads:
Country Summary Country Summary - French Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2008

Downloads:
Country Summary Country Summary Country Summary Country Summary Questionnaire

France’s score on the Open Budget Index shows that the government provides the public with extensive information on the central government’s budget and financial activities during the course of the budget year. This gives citizens tools to hold government accountable for its management of the public’s money.





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