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Indonesia

Open Budget Survey 2017

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire
Transparency

64

out of 100
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Public Participation

22

out of 100
Read More

Budget Oversight

85

out of 100
Read More

IBP considers countries that score above 60 on the Open Budget Index as providing sufficient budget information to enable the public to engage in budget discussions in an informed manner. IBP considers countries scoring above 60 on participation and oversight as providing adequate opportunities for the public to participate in the budget process and providing adequate oversight practices, respectively.

Transparency (Open Budget Index)

64

out of 100

Indonesia provides the public with substantial budget information.

How Has the Open Budget Index Score Changed Over Time?
Recommendations for Improving Transparency

Indonesia should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Provide more data on the financial position of the government, and provide more information on performance and policy in the Executive’s Budget Proposal.
  • Provide details on comparisons between planned nonfinancial outcomes and actual outcomes in the Year-End Report, and increase the information provided in the Pre-Budget Statement.

Public Participation

22

out of 100

Indonesia provides few opportunities for the public to engage in the budget process.

How Does Public Participation Compare to Other Countries in the Region?

Global Average 12/100
Philippines 41/100
Indonesia 22/100
Malaysia 22/100
Timor-Leste 9/100
Thailand 7/100
Vietnam 7/100
Cambodia 4/100
Myanmar 0/100
Recommendations for Improving Participation

Indonesia should prioritize the following actions to improve public participation in its budget process:

  • Actively engage with individuals or civil society organizations representing vulnerable and underrepresented communities during the formulation and monitoring of the implementation of the national budget.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the formulation of the annual budget, during which members of the public or civil society organizations can testify.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to participate in relevant audit investigations.

Budget Oversight (by Legislature & Audit)

85

out of 100

The legislature and supreme audit institution in Indonesia provide adequate oversight of the budget.

To What Extent Does the Legislature Provide Budget Oversight?

Formulation/Approval 86/100
Execution/Audit 87/100

The legislature provides adequate oversight during the budget cycle. This score reflects that the legislature provides adequate oversight during the planning stage of the budget cycle and adequate oversight during the implementation stage of the budget cycle.

To What Extent Does the Supreme Audit Institution Provide Budget Oversight?

Adequate 84/100

The supreme audit institution provides adequate budget oversight.

Recommendations for Improving Oversight

Indonesia should prioritize the following actions to make budget oversight more effective:

  • Ensure a legislative committee examines and publishes a report on the Audit Report online.
  • Consider setting up an independent fiscal institution to further strengthen budget oversight.

Learn More

The information on this page presents a partial country summary. For more detailed information, please download:


Open Budget Survey 2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 59/100 

The Government of Indonesia provides the public with limited budget information.

Public Participation 35/100

The Government of Indonesia is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight

By legislature 82/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in Indonesia is adequate.

By auditor 75/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Indonesia is adequate.

Recommendations

Improving Transparency

Indonesia should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish a Pre-Budget Statement.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by, for example, presenting more information on issues beyond the core budget.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Year-End Report.
Improving Participation

Indonesia should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the state of the economy that are attended by the executive and open to the public.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to participate in audit investigations.
Improving Oversight

Indonesia should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • Establish a specialized budget research office for the legislature.

 



Open Budget Survey 2010

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2008

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire

Indonesia’s score on the Open Budget Index shows that the government provides the public with some, albeit incomplete, information on the central government’s budget and financial activities during the course of the budget year. This makes it difficult for citizens to hold government accountable for its management of the public’s money.


Open Budget Survey 2006

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire



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