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India

Open Budget Survey 2017

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire
Transparency

48

out of 100
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Public Participation

15

out of 100
Read More

Budget Oversight

48

out of 100
Read More

IBP considers countries that score above 60 on the Open Budget Index as providing sufficient budget information to enable the public to engage in budget discussions in an informed manner. IBP considers countries scoring above 60 on participation and oversight as providing adequate opportunities for the public to participate in the budget process and providing adequate oversight practices, respectively.

Transparency (Open Budget Index)

48

out of 100

India provides the public with limited budget information.

How Has the Open Budget Index Score Changed Over Time?
Recommendations for Improving Transparency

India should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Produce and publish a Pre-Budget Statement and a Mid-Year Review.
  • Increase the information provided in the Executive’s Budget Proposal by providing detailed information on the financial position of the government and extra-budgetary funds.
  • Increase the information provided in the Year-End Report by providing information on comparisons between planned revenues and actual outcomes and comparisons between the original macroeconomic forecast and actual outcomes.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Enacted Budget by publishing more information along with the Appropriation Bill or by indicating in the Appropriation Bill that the Executive’s Budget Proposal and its supporting documents are considered to be part of the Enacted Budget. The score for the Enacted Budget declined since 2015 because for cross-country consistency purposes the International Budget Partnership no longer considers the Executive’s Budget Proposal or its supporting documents to be part of the Enacted Budget unless they are specifically referenced in the approved budget or there is some official notice that these documents should be considered as part of the Enacted Budget.

Public Participation

15

out of 100

India provides few opportunities for the public to engage in the budget process.

How Does Public Participation Compare to Other Countries in the Region?

Global Average 12/100
Nepal 24/100
Afghanistan 15/100
India 15/100
Bangladesh 13/100
Sri Lanka 11/100
Pakistan 6/100
Recommendations for Improving Participation

India should prioritize the following actions to improve public participation in its budget process:

  • Pilot mechanisms for members of the public and government officials to exchange views on national budget matters during monitoring of the implementation of the national budget. These mechanisms could build on innovations, such as participatory budgeting and social audits. For examples of such mechanisms, see fiscaltransparency.net/mechanisms.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the formulation of the annual budget, during which members of the public or civil society organizations can testify.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution in formulating its audit program and to participate in relevant audit investigations.

Budget Oversight (by Legislature & Audit)

48

out of 100

The legislature and supreme audit institution in India provide limited oversight of the budget.

To What Extent Does the Legislature Provide Budget Oversight?

Formulation/Approval 33/100
Execution/Audit 53/100

The legislature provides limited oversight during the budget cycle. This score reflects that the legislature provides weak oversight during the planning stage of the budget cycle and limited oversight during the implementation stage of the budget cycle.

To What Extent Does the Supreme Audit Institution Provide Budget Oversight?

Adequate 61/100

The supreme audit institution provides adequate budget oversight.

Recommendations for Improving Oversight

India should prioritize the following actions to make budget oversight more effective:

  • Ensure the legislature holds a debate on budget policy prior to the tabling of the Executive’s Budget Proposal and approves recommendations for the upcoming budget.
  • Require legislative or judicial approval to appoint the head of the supreme audit institution.
  • Consider setting up an independent fiscal institution to further strengthen budget oversight.

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The information on this page presents a partial country summary. For more detailed information, please download:


Open Budget Survey 2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 46/100 

The Government of India provides the public with limited budget information.

Public Participation 19/100

The Government of India is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight 

By legislature 39/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in India is weak.

By auditor 75/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in India is adequate.

Recommendations 

Improving Transparency

India should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Produce and publish a Pre-Budget Statement.
  • Institutionalize the publication in a timely manner of all documents, including the Mid-Year Review and the Year-End Report.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Citizens Budget.
Improving Participation

India should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies at which testimony from the public is heard.
Improving Oversight

India should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • Establish a specialized budget research office for the legislature.
  • In both law and practice, ensure the legislature is consulted prior to the spending of contingency funds that were not identified in the Enacted Budget.

 


Open Budget Survey 2012

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2010

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2008

Downloads:
Country Summary Country Summary - Chinese Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2006

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire



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