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Jordan

Open Budget Survey 2017

Downloads:
Country Summary - Arabic Country Summary - English Questionnaire
Transparency

63

out of 100
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Public Participation

11

out of 100
Read More

Budget Oversight

41

out of 100
Read More

IBP considers countries that score above 60 on the Open Budget Index as providing sufficient budget information to enable the public to engage in budget discussions in an informed manner. IBP considers countries scoring above 60 on participation and oversight as providing adequate opportunities for the public to participate in the budget process and providing adequate oversight practices, respectively.

Transparency (Open Budget Index)

63

out of 100

Jordan provides the public with substantial budget information.

How Has the Open Budget Index Score Changed Over Time?
Recommendations for Improving Transparency

Jordan should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Provide more data on the macroeconomic forecast and on the financial position of the government in the Executive’s Budget Statement.
  • Provide more information on comparisons between original macroeconomic forecast and actual outcome as well as comparisons between planned nonfinancial outcomes and actual outcomes in the Year-End Report.

Public Participation

11

out of 100

Jordan provides few opportunities for the public to engage in the budget process.

How Does Public Participation Compare to Other Countries in the Region?

Global Average 12/100
Egypt 11/100
Jordan 11/100
Qatar 2/100
Tunisia 2/100
Algeria 0/100
Iraq 0/100
Lebanon 0/100
Morocco 0/100
Saudi Arabia 0/100
Sudan 0/100
Yemen 0/100
Recommendations for Improving Participation

Jordan should prioritize the following actions to improve public participation in its budget process:

  • Pilot mechanisms for members of the public and executive branch officials to exchange views on national budget matters during both the formulation of the national budget and the monitoring of its implementation. These mechanisms could build on innovations, such as participatory budgeting and social audits. For examples of such mechanisms, see fiscaltransparency.net/mechanisms.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the Audit Report, during which members of the public or civil society organizations can testify.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to participate in relevant audit investigations.

Budget Oversight (by Legislature & Audit)

41

out of 100

The legislature and supreme audit institution in Jordan provide limited oversight of the budget.

To What Extent Does the Legislature Provide Budget Oversight?

Formulation/Approval 48/100
Execution/Audit 47/100

The legislature provides limited oversight during the budget cycle. This score reflects that the legislature provides limited oversight during the planning stage of the budget cycle and limited oversight during the implementation stage of the budget cycle.

To What Extent Does the Supreme Audit Institution Provide Budget Oversight?

Weak 28/100

The supreme audit institution provides weak budget oversight.

Recommendations for Improving Oversight

Jordan should prioritize the following actions to make budget oversight more effective:

  • Ensure the legislature holds a debate on budget policy prior to tabling of the Executive’s Budget Proposal and approves recommendations for the upcoming budget.
  • Ensure a legislative committee examines and publishes reports on in-year budget implementation online.
  • Require legislative or judicial approval to appoint and remove the head of the supreme audit institution.
  • Consider setting up an independent fiscal institution to further strengthen budget oversight.

Learn More

The information on this page presents a partial country summary. For more detailed information, please download:


Open Budget Survey 2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - Arabic Country Summary - English Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 55/100

The Government of Jordan provides the public with limited budget information.

Public Participation 27/100 

The Government of Jordan is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight

By legislature 45/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in Jordan is limited.

By auditor 42/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit in Jordan is limited.

Recommendations

Improving Transparency

Jordan should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Produce and publish a Mid-Year Review.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by, for example, presenting more details on macroeconomic forecasts and on issues beyond the core budget.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Year-End Report by, for example, presenting more details on planned versus actual performance, as well as on planned versus actual macroeconomic forecasts.
Improving Participation

Jordan should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
  • Publish reports on public budget hearings.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to participate in audit investigations.
Improving Oversight

Jordan should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • Ensure the Executive’s Budget Proposal is provided to legislators at least three months before the start of the budget year.
  • In both law and practice, ensure the legislature is consulted prior to the spending of contingency funds that were not identified in the Enacted Budget.
  • Require legislative or judicial approval to remove the head of the supreme audit institution.

 



Open Budget Survey 2010

Downloads:
Country Summary Country Summary - Arabic Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2008

Downloads:
Country Summary Country Summary - Arabic Questionnaire

Jordan’s score on the Open Budget Index shows that the government provides the public with some, albeit incomplete, information on the central government’s budget and financial activities during the course of the budget year. This makes it difficult for citizens to hold government accountable for its management of the public’s money.





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