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Kazakhstan

Open Budget Survey 2017

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Country Summary - Russian Questionnaire
Transparency

53

out of 100
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Public Participation

13

out of 100
Read More

Budget Oversight

63

out of 100
Read More

IBP considers countries that score above 60 on the Open Budget Index as providing sufficient budget information to enable the public to engage in budget discussions in an informed manner. IBP considers countries scoring above 60 on participation and oversight as providing adequate opportunities for the public to participate in the budget process and providing adequate oversight practices, respectively.

Transparency (Open Budget Index)

53

out of 100

Kazakhstan provides the public with limited budget information.

How Has the Open Budget Index Score Changed Over Time?
Recommendations for Improving Transparency

Kazakhstan should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish a Pre-Budget Statement online in a timely manner.
  • Produce and publish a Citizens Budget.
  • Increase the information provided in the Executive’s Budget Proposal by increasing information on performance and policy and data on the macroeconomic forecast.

Public Participation

13

out of 100

Kazakhstan provides few opportunities for the public to engage in the budget process.

How Does Public Participation Compare to Other Countries in the Region?

Global Average 12/100
Kyrgyz Republic 31/100
Georgia 22/100
Kazakhstan 13/100
Russia 13/100
Azerbaijan 11/100
Mongolia 7/100
Tajikistan 7/100
Turkey 0/100
Recommendations for Improving Participation

Kazakhstan should prioritize the following actions to improve public participation in its budget process:

  • Pilot mechanisms for members of the public and executive branch officials to exchange views on national budget matters during both the formulation of the national budget and the monitoring of its implementation. These mechanisms could build on innovations, such as participatory budgeting and social audits. For examples of such mechanisms, see fiscaltransparency.net/mechanisms.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the formulation of the annual budget, during which members of the public or civil society organizations can testify.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to participate in relevant audit investigations of the supreme audit institution.

Budget Oversight (by Legislature & Audit)

63

out of 100

The legislature and supreme audit institution in Kazakhstan provide adequate oversight of the budget.

To What Extent Does the Legislature Provide Budget Oversight?

Formulation/Approval 67/100
Execution/Audit 73/100

The legislature provides adequate oversight during the budget cycle. This score reflects that the legislature provides adequate oversight during the planning stage of the budget cycle and adequate oversight during the implementation stage of the budget cycle.

To What Extent Does the Supreme Audit Institution Provide Budget Oversight?

Limited 50/100

The supreme audit institution provides limited budget oversight.

Recommendations for Improving Oversight

Kazakhstan should prioritize the following actions to make budget oversight more effective:

  • Ensure the legislature holds a debate on budget policy prior to the tabling of the Executive’s Budget Proposal and approves recommendations for the upcoming budget.
  • Ensure a legislative committee examines and publishes reports on in-year budget implementation online.
  • Require legislative or judicial approval to appoint and remove the head of the supreme audit institution.
  • Consider setting up an independent fiscal institution.

Learn More

The information on this page presents a partial country summary. For more detailed information, please download:


Open Budget Survey 2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Country Summary - Russian Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 51/100 

The Government of Kazakhstan provides the public with limited budget information.

Public Participation 27/100

The Government of Kazakhstan is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight 

 By legislature 70/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in Kazakhstan is adequate.

By auditor 59/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Kazakhstan is limited.

Recommendations

Improving Transparency

Kazakhstan should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish in a timely manner a Citizens Budget.1
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by, for example, presenting more information on expenditures, revenue, and debt for prior years.
Improving Participation

Kazakhstan should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies at which testimony from the public is heard.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to participate in audit investigations.
Improving Oversight

Kazakhstan should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • Establish a specialized budget research office for the legislature.
  • In both law and practice, ensure the legislature is consulted prior to the spending of contingency funds that were not identified in the Enacted Budget.
  • Require legislative or judicial approval to remove the head of the supreme audit institution.



Open Budget Survey 2008

Downloads:
Country Summary (English) Country Summary (Russian) Questionnaire (English)

Kazakhstan’s score on the Open Budget Index shows that the government provides the public with minimal information on the central government’s budget and financial activities during the course of the budget year. This makes it difficult for citizens to hold government accountable for its management of the public’s money.


Open Budget Survey 2006

Downloads:
Country Summary Country Summary Questionnaire



See more on budget work in Kazakhstan »