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Madagascar

Open Budget Survey 2017

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Country Summary - French Questionnaire - English Questionnaire - French
Transparency

34

out of 100
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Public Participation

9

out of 100
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Budget Oversight

28

out of 100
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IBP considers countries that score above 60 on the Open Budget Index as providing sufficient budget information to enable the public to engage in budget discussions in an informed manner. IBP considers countries scoring above 60 on participation and oversight as providing adequate opportunities for the public to participate in the budget process and providing adequate oversight practices, respectively.

Transparency (Open Budget Index)

34

out of 100

Madagascar provides the public with minimal budget information.

How Does Madagascar's Open Budget Index Score Compare?

In the Open Budget Survey 2017, this country is being assessed for the first time.

Recommendations for Improving Transparency

Madagascar should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish in a timely manner a Pre-Budget Statement, Audit Report, and Citizens Budget online.
  • Produce and publish a Mid-Year Review and a Year-End Report.
  • Increase the information in the Executive’s Budget Proposal by providing detailed data on revenues and on the financial position of the government.

Public Participation

9

out of 100

Madagascar provides few opportunities for the public to engage in the budget process.

How Does Public Participation Compare to Other Countries in the Region?

Global Average 12/100
Uganda 28/100
Kenya 15/100
Tanzania 15/100
Rwanda 13/100
Madagascar 9/100
South Sudan 2/100
Somalia 2/100
Burundi 0/100
Comoros 0/100
Recommendations for Improving Participation

Madagascar should prioritize the following actions to improve public participation in its budget process:

  • Pilot mechanisms for members of the public and executive branch officials to exchange views on national budget matters during both the formulation of the national budget and the monitoring of its implementation. These mechanisms could build on innovations, such as participatory budgeting and social audits. For examples of such mechanisms, see fiscaltransparency.net/mechanisms.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the formulation of the annual budget, during which members of the public or civil society organizations can testify.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution in formulating its audit program and to participate in relevant audit investigations.  

Budget Oversight (by Legislature & Audit)

28

out of 100

The legislature and supreme audit institution in Madagascar provide weak oversight of the budget.

To What Extent Does the Legislature Provide Budget Oversight?

Formulation/Approval 43/100
Execution/Audit 27/100

The legislature provides weak oversight during the budget cycle. This score reflects that the legislature provides limited oversight during the planning stage of the budget cycle and weak oversight during the implementation stage of the budget cycle.

To What Extent Does the Supreme Audit Institution Provide Budget Oversight?

Weak 11/100

The supreme audit institution provides weak budget oversight.

Recommendations for Improving Oversight

Madagascar should prioritize the following actions to make budget oversight more effective:

  • Ensure the legislature holds a debate on budget policy before the tabling of the Executive’s Budget Proposal and approves recommendations for the upcoming budget.
  • Ensure a legislative committee examines and publishes reports on in-year budget implementation online.
  • Require legislative or judicial approval to appoint and/or remove the head of the supreme audit institution.
  • Consider setting up an independent fiscal institution to further strengthen budget oversight.



See more on budget work in Madagascar »