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Macedonia

Open Budget Survey 2017

Downloads:
Country Summary Country Summary - Macedonian Questionnaire
Transparency

37

out of 100
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Public Participation

0

out of 100
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Budget Oversight

56

out of 100
Read More

IBP considers countries that score above 60 on the Open Budget Index as providing sufficient budget information to enable the public to engage in budget discussions in an informed manner. IBP considers countries scoring above 60 on participation and oversight as providing adequate opportunities for the public to participate in the budget process and providing adequate oversight practices, respectively.

Transparency (Open Budget Index)

37

out of 100

Macedonia provides the public with minimal budget information.

How Has the Open Budget Index Score Changed Over Time?
Recommendations for Improving Transparency

Macedonia should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish a Pre-Budget Statement online in a timely manner.
  • Produce and publish a Citizens Budget and a Mid-Year Review.
  • Increase the information provided in the Executive’s Budget Proposal by increasing information on performance and policy and on the macroeconomic forecast.

Public Participation

0

out of 100

Macedonia provides the public with no opportunities to engage in the budget process.

How Does Public Participation Compare to Other Countries in the Region?

Global Average 12/100
Croatia 26/100
Slovenia 11/100
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9/100
Albania 2/100
Serbia 2/100
Macedonia 0/100
Recommendations for Improving Participation

Macedonia should prioritize the following actions to improve public participation in its budget process:

  • Pilot mechanisms for members of the public and executive branch officials to exchange views on national budget matters during both the formulation of the national budget and the monitoring of its implementation. These mechanisms could build on innovations, such as participatory budgeting and social audits. For examples of such mechanisms, see fiscaltransparency.net/mechanisms.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the formulation of the annual budget, during which members of the public or civil society organizations can testify.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution in formulating its audit program and to participate in relevant audit investigations.

Budget Oversight (by Legislature & Audit)

56

out of 100

The legislature and supreme audit institution in Macedonia provide limited oversight of the budget.

To What Extent Does the Legislature Provide Budget Oversight?

Formulation/Approval 62/100
Execution/Audit 20/100

The legislature provides limited oversight during the budget cycle. This score reflects that the legislature provides adequate oversight during the planning stage of the budget cycle and weak oversight during the implementation stage of the budget cycle.

To What Extent Does the Supreme Audit Institution Provide Budget Oversight?

Adequate 78/100

The supreme audit institution provides adequate budget oversight.

Recommendations for Improving Oversight

Macedonia should prioritize the following actions to make budget oversight more effective:

  • Ensure the legislature holds a debate on budget policy prior to the tabling of the Executive’s Budget Proposal and approves recommendations for the upcoming budget.
  • Ensure a legislative committee examines and publishes reports on in-year budget implementation online.
  • Consider setting up an independent fiscal institution to further strengthen budget oversight.

Learn More

The information on this page presents a partial country summary. For more detailed information, please download:


Open Budget Survey 2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Country Summary - Macedonian Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 35/100

The Government of Macedonia provides the public with minimal budget information.

Public Participation 6/100

The Government of Macedonia is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight

By legislature 42/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in Macedonia is limited.

By auditor 100/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Macedonia is adequate.

Recommendations

Improving Transparency

Macedonia should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish a Mid-Year Review.
  • Produce and publish a Citizens Budget and a Pre-Budget Statement.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by presenting more information on the classification of expenditures for future years and the classification of expenditures for prior years.
Improving Participation

Macedonia should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies as well as on audit reports at which testimony from the public is heard.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution to formulate its audit program and participate in audit investigations.
Improving Oversight

Macedonia should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • Establish a specialized budget research office for the legislature.
  • In both law and practice, ensure the legislature is consulted prior to the spending of any unanticipated revenue and the spending of contingency funds that were not identified in the Enacted Budget.

Open Budget Survey 2012

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2010

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2008

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire

Macedonia’s score on the Open Budget Index shows that the government provides the public with some, albeit incomplete, information on the central government’s budget and financial activities during the course of the budget year. This makes it difficult for citizens to hold government accountable for its management of the public’s money.




See more on budget work in Macedonia »