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Mongolia

Open Budget Survey 2017

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Country Summary - Russian Questionnaire
Transparency

46

out of 100
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Public Participation

7

out of 100
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Budget Oversight

76

out of 100
Read More

IBP considers countries that score above 60 on the Open Budget Index as providing sufficient budget information to enable the public to engage in budget discussions in an informed manner. IBP considers countries scoring above 60 on participation and oversight as providing adequate opportunities for the public to participate in the budget process and providing adequate oversight practices, respectively.

Transparency (Open Budget Index)

46

out of 100

Mongolia provides the public with limited budget information.

How Has the Open Budget Index Score Changed Over Time?
Recommendations for Improving Transparency

Mongolia should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish a Mid-Year Review and a Year-End Report online.
  • Publish a Pre-Budget Statement online in a timely manner.
  • Produce and publish a Citizens Budget online.

Public Participation

7

out of 100

Mongolia provides few opportunities for the public to engage in the budget process.

How Does Public Participation Compare to Other Countries in the Region?

Global Average 12/100
Kyrgyz Republic 31/100
Georgia 22/100
Kazakhstan 13/100
Russia 13/100
Azerbaijan 11/100
Mongolia 7/100
Tajikistan 7/100
Turkey 0/100
Recommendations for Improving Participation

Mongolia should prioritize the following actions to improve public participation in its budget process:

  • Pilot mechanisms for members of the public and executive branch officials to exchange views on national budget matters during both the formulation of the national budget and the monitoring of its implementation. These mechanisms could build on innovations, such as participatory budgeting and social audits. For examples of such mechanisms, see fiscaltransparency.net/mechanisms.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the formulation of the annual budget, during which members of the public or civil society organizations can testify.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to participate in relevant audit investigations.

Budget Oversight (by Legislature & Audit)

76

out of 100

The legislature and supreme audit institution in Mongolia provide adequate oversight of the budget.

To What Extent Does the Legislature Provide Budget Oversight?

Formulation/Approval 86/100
Execution/Audit 47/100

The legislature provides adequate oversight during the budget cycle. This score reflects that the legislature provides adequate oversight during the planning stage of the budget cycle and limited oversight during the implementation stage of the budget cycle.

To What Extent Does the Supreme Audit Institution Provide Budget Oversight?

Adequate 89/100

The supreme audit institution provides adequate budget oversight.

Recommendations for Improving Oversight

Mongolia should prioritize the following actions to make budget oversight more effective:

  • Ensure the legislature holds a debate on budget policy prior to the tabling of the Executive’s Budget Proposal and approves recommendations for the upcoming budget.
  • Ensure a legislative committee examines reports on in-year budget implementation and publishes recommendations online.
  • Ensure audit processes are reviewed by an independent agency.
  • Consider setting up an independent fiscal institution to further strengthen budget oversight.

Learn More

The information on this page presents a partial country summary. For more detailed information, please download:


Open Budget Survey 2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Country Summary - Mongolian Country Summary - Russian Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 51/100

The Government of Mongolia provides the public with limited budget information.

Public Participation 19/100

The Government of Mongolia is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight

By legislature 70/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in Mongolia is adequate.

By auditor 92/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Mongolia is adequate.

Recommendations

Improving Transparency

Mongolia should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Produce and publish a Mid-Year Review and a Citizens Budget for the Executive’s Budget Proposal.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal, for example by presenting more details on the classification of expenditures for future years and macroeconomic forecasts.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Year-End Report by presenting more details on planned versus actual performance.
Improving Participation

Mongolia should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies at which testimony from the public is heard.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to participate in audit investigations.
Improving Oversight

Mongolia should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • In both law and practice, ensure the legislature is consulted prior to the virement of funds in the Enacted Budget and the spending of contingency funds that were not identified in the Enacted Budget.
  • Ensure the legislature holds public meetings to review Audit Reports.


Open Budget Survey 2010

Downloads:
Country Summary Country Summary Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2008

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2006

Downloads:
Country Summary Country Summary Questionnaire



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