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Mexico

Open Budget Survey 2017

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Country Summary - Spanish Questionnaire
Transparency

79

out of 100
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Public Participation

35

out of 100
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Budget Oversight

63

out of 100
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IBP considers countries that score above 60 on the Open Budget Index as providing sufficient budget information to enable the public to engage in budget discussions in an informed manner. IBP considers countries scoring above 60 on participation and oversight as providing adequate opportunities for the public to participate in the budget process and providing adequate oversight practices, respectively.

Transparency (Open Budget Index)

79

out of 100

Mexico provides the public with substantial budget information.

How Has the Open Budget Index Score Changed Over Time?
Recommendations for Improving Transparency

Mexico should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Increase the information provided in the Executive’s Budget Proposal by increasing the data on the financial position of the government and information on extra-budgetary funds.
  • Increase the information provided in the Year-End Report by including comparisons between borrowing estimates and actual outcomes and comparisons between the original macroeconomic forecast and the actual outcome.

Public Participation

35

out of 100

Mexico provides few opportunities for the public to engage in the budget process.

How Does Public Participation Compare to Other Countries in the Region?

Global Average 12/100
Mexico 35/100
Guatemala 30/100
Dominican Republic 17/100
Nicaragua 11/100
Trinidad and Tobago 7/100
Honduras 7/100
Costa Rica 7/100
El Salvador 6/100
Recommendations for Improving Participation

Mexico should prioritize the following actions to improve public participation in its budget process:

  • Pilot mechanisms for members of the public and executive branch officials to exchange views on national budget matters during the formulation of the national budget. These mechanisms could build on innovations, such as participatory budgeting and social audits. For examples of such mechanisms, see fiscaltransparency.net/mechanisms.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the formulation of the annual budget, during which members of the public or civil society organizations can testify.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution by participating in relevant audit investigations.

Budget Oversight (by Legislature & Audit)

63

out of 100

The legislature and supreme audit institution in Mexico provide adequate oversight of the budget.

To What Extent Does the Legislature Provide Budget Oversight?

Formulation/Approval 81/100
Execution/Audit 20/100

The legislature provides limited oversight during the budget cycle. This score reflects that the legislature provides adequate oversight during the planning stage of the budget cycle and weak oversight during the implementation stage of the budget cycle.

To What Extent Does the Supreme Audit Institution Provide Budget Oversight?

Adequate 78/100

The supreme audit institution provides adequate budget oversight.

Recommendations for Improving Oversight

Mexico should prioritize the following actions to make budget oversight more effective:

  • Ensure the legislature holds a debate on budget policy prior to the tabling of the Executive’s Budget Proposal and approves recommendations for the upcoming budget.
  • Ensure a legislative committee examines and publishes reports on in-year budget implementation online.
  • Ensure audit processes are reviewed by an independent agency.
  • Publish the reports of the independent fiscal institution on cost estimates of new policy proposals online.

Open Budget Survey 2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Country Summary - Spanish Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 66/100 

The Government of Mexico provides the public with substantial budget information.

Public Participation 44/100 

The Government of Mexico provides the public with limited opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight 

By legislature 45/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in Mexico is limited.

By auditor 92/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Mexico is adequate.

Recommendations 

Improving Transparency

Mexico should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Produce and publish a Mid-Year Review in compliance with international best practice.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by presenting more information on the classification of expenditures for future years (especially more disaggregation on the economic classification); increasing the detail of information on extra-budgetary funds; increasing the level of disaggregation of revenues; improving transparency on transfers from international financial institutions or donor assistance resources; and improving estimates on outstanding debt and on interest at the end of budget year.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Year-End Report by presenting more information on planned versus actual debt and interest and on planned versus actual macroeconomic forecasts.
Improving Participation

Mexico should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
  • Develop strategies to encourage and promote public participation in the budget cycle (including rules, calendars, and the institutionalization of spaces and methods to participate, among others).
  • Hold legislative hearings on the state of the economy that are attended by the executive and open to the public.
  • Provide detailed feedback on how public participation has been used by the supreme audit institution and promote opportunities for public directly affected by programs to provide inputs during performance audits.
Improving Oversight

Mexico should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • Ensure the legislature holds a pre-budget debate and the outcome is reflected in the Enacted Budget.
  • Ensure the executive receives prior approval by the legislature before implementing a supplemental budget.

 



Open Budget Survey 2010

Downloads:
Country Summary Country Summary - Spanish Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2008

Downloads:
Country Summary Country Summary - Spanish Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2006

Downloads:
Country Summary Country Summary - Spanish Questionnaire



See more on budget work in Mexico »