Next Country »
« Back to Country List

Niger

Open Budget Survey 2017

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Country Summary - French Questionnaire
Transparency

0

out of 100
Read More

Public Participation

0

out of 100
Read More

Budget Oversight

39

out of 100
Read More

IBP considers countries that score above 60 on the Open Budget Index as providing sufficient budget information to enable the public to engage in budget discussions in an informed manner. IBP considers countries scoring above 60 on participation and oversight as providing adequate opportunities for the public to participate in the budget process and providing adequate oversight practices, respectively.

Transparency (Open Budget Index)

0

out of 100

Niger provides the public with no budget information.

How Has the Open Budget Index Score Changed Over Time?
Recommendations for Improving Transparency

Niger should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish an Executive’s Budget Proposal, a Pre-Budget Statement, a Citizens Budget, and a Year-End report online.
  • Publish an Enacted Budget online in a timely manner.
  • Produce and publish a Mid-Year Review and an Audit Report.

Public Participation

0

out of 100

Niger provides the public with no opportunities to engage in the budget process.

How Does Public Participation Compare to Other Countries in the Region?

Global Average 12/100
Benin 9/100
Democratic Republic of Congo 9/100
Cameroon 7/100
Mali 6/100
Senegal 2/100
Chad 0/100
Côte d’Ivoire 0/100
Burkina Faso 0/100
Niger 0/100
Recommendations for Improving Participation

Niger should prioritize the following actions to improve public participation in its budget process:

  • Pilot mechanisms for members of the public and executive branch officials to exchange views on national budget matters during both the formulation of the national budget and the monitoring of its implementation. These mechanisms could build on innovations, such as participatory budgeting and social audits. For examples of such mechanisms, see fiscaltransparency.net/mechanisms.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the formulation of the annual budget, during which members of the public or civil society organizations can testify.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution in formulating its audit program and to participate in relevant audit investigations.

Budget Oversight (by Legislature & Audit)

39

out of 100

The legislature and supreme audit institution in Niger provide weak oversight of the budget.

To What Extent Does the Legislature Provide Budget Oversight?

Formulation/Approval 57/100
Execution/Audit 7/100

The legislature provides weak oversight during the budget cycle. This score reflects that the legislature provides limited oversight during the planning stage of the budget cycle and weak oversight during the implementation stage of the budget cycle.

To What Extent Does the Supreme Audit Institution Provide Budget Oversight?

Limited 45/100

The supreme audit institution provides limited budget oversight.

Recommendations for Improving Oversight

Niger should prioritize the following actions to make budget oversight more effective:

  • Ensure the legislature holds a debate on budget policy prior to the tabling of the Executive’s Budget Proposal and approves recommendations for the upcoming budget.
  • Ensure a legislative committee examines reports on in-year budget implementation and publishes recommendations online.
  • Ensure the supreme audit institution has adequate funding to perform its duties, as determined by an independent body (e.g., the legislature or judiciary).
  • Consider setting up an independent fiscal institution.

Learn More

The information on this page presents a partial country summary. For more detailed information, please download:


Open Budget Survey 2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Country Summary - French Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 17/100

The Government of Niger provides the public with scant budget information.

Public Participation 4/100

The Government of Niger is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight

By legislature 73/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in Niger adequate.

By auditor 50/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Niger is limited.

Recommendations

Improving Transparency

Niger should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish the Enacted Budget, In-Year Reports and a Year-End Report.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by presenting more information on the classification of expenditures for the budget year and presenting the classification of expenditures for future years.
Improving Participation

Niger should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies as well as on audit reports at which testimony from the public is heard.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution to formulate its audit program and participate in audit investigations.
Improving Oversight

Niger should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • Ensure the legislature holds a pre-budget debate and the outcome is reflected in the Enacted Budget.
  • In both law and practice, ensure the legislature is consulted prior to the spending of contingency funds that were not identified in the Enacted Budget.
  • Ensure the supreme audit institution has adequate funding to perform its duties, as determined by an independent body (e.g., the legislature or judiciary).


Open Budget Survey 2010

Downloads:
Country Summary Country Summary - French Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2008

Downloads:
Country Summary Country Summary - French Questionnaire



See more on budget work in Niger »