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New Zealand

Open Budget Survey 2017

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire
Transparency

89

out of 100
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Public Participation

59

out of 100
Read More

Budget Oversight

78

out of 100
Read More

IBP considers countries that score above 60 on the Open Budget Index as providing sufficient budget information to enable the public to engage in budget discussions in an informed manner. IBP considers countries scoring above 60 on participation and oversight as providing adequate opportunities for the public to participate in the budget process and providing adequate oversight practices, respectively.

Transparency (Open Budget Index)

89

out of 100

New Zealand provides the public with extensive budget information.

How Has the Open Budget Index Score Changed Over Time?
Recommendations for Improving Transparency

New Zealand should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Increase the information on tax expenditures provided in the Executive’s Budget Proposal.
  • Improve the design of the Citizens Budget to make key budget information available in a single document for citizens that is more accessible and easier to understand.
  • Provide detailed information comparisons between original macroeconomic forecast and actual outcome in the Year-End Report.

Public Participation

59

out of 100

New Zealand provides limited opportunities for the public to engage in the budget process.

How Does Public Participation Compare to Other Countries in the Region?

Global Average 12/100
New Zealand 59/100
Australia 41/100
South Korea 39/100
Japan 20/100
Fiji 15/100
China 6/100
Papua New Guinea 6/100
Recommendations for Improving Participation

New Zealand should prioritize the following actions to improve public participation in its budget process:

  • Improve mechanisms to allow for broader public engagement with government officials and an exchange of views on national budget matters during formulation and execution of the budget.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the Audit Report, during which members of the public or civil society organizations can testify

Budget Oversight (by Legislature & Audit)

78

out of 100

The legislature and supreme audit institution in New Zealand provide adequate oversight of the budget.

To What Extent Does the Legislature Provide Budget Oversight?

Formulation/Approval 57/100
Execution/Audit 93/100

The legislature provides adequate oversight during the budget cycle. This score reflects that the legislature provides limited oversight during the planning stage of the budget cycle and adequate oversight during the implementation stage of the budget cycle.

To What Extent Does the Supreme Audit Institution Provide Budget Oversight?

Adequate 89/100

The supreme audit institution provides adequate budget oversight.

Recommendations for Improving Oversight

New Zealand should prioritize the following actions to make budget oversight more effective:

  • Ensure the Executive’s Budget Proposal is provided to legislators at least two months before the start of the budget year.
  • Ensure audit processes are reviewed by an independent agency.
  • Consider setting up an independent fiscal institution to further strengthen budget oversight.

Learn More

The information on this page presents a partial country summary. For more detailed information, please download:


Open Budget Survey 2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 88/100

The Government of New Zealand provides the public with extensive budget information.

Public Participation 65/100

The Government of New Zealand provides the public with adequate opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight 

By legislature 45/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in New Zealand is limited.

By auditor 92/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in New Zealand is adequate.

Recommendations

Improving Transparency

New Zealand should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by improving the scope and depth of reporting on tax expenditures.
Improving Participation

New Zealand should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Establish formal regulations that oblige the executive to engage with the public during each stage of the budget cycle.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies at which testimony from the public is heard.
  • Provide detailed feedback on how public assistance and participation have been used by the supreme audit institution.
Improving Oversight

New Zealand should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • Establish a specialized budget research office for the legislature.

Open Budget Survey 2012

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2010

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2008

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire

New Zealand’s score on the Open Budget Index shows that the government provides the public with extensive information on the central government’s budget and financial activities during the course of the budget year. This gives citizens tools to hold government accountable for its management of the public’s money.


Open Budget Survey 2006

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire



See more on budget work in New Zealand »