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Pakistan

Open Budget Survey 2017

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire
Transparency

44

out of 100
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Public Participation

6

out of 100
Read More

Budget Oversight

44

out of 100
Read More

IBP considers countries that score above 60 on the Open Budget Index as providing sufficient budget information to enable the public to engage in budget discussions in an informed manner. IBP considers countries scoring above 60 on participation and oversight as providing adequate opportunities for the public to participate in the budget process and providing adequate oversight practices, respectively.

Transparency (Open Budget Index)

44

out of 100

Pakistan provides the public with limited budget information.

How Has the Open Budget Index Score Changed Over Time?
Recommendations for Improving Transparency

Pakistan should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish a Pre-Budget Statement and an Audit Report online.
  • Produce and publish a Mid-Year Review and a Citizens Budget.
  • Increase the information provided in the Enacted Budget by including expenditure estimates by expenditure classifications, as well as revenue estimates by category and individual sources.

Public Participation

6

out of 100

Pakistan provides few opportunities for the public to engage in the budget process.

How Does Public Participation Compare to Other Countries in the Region?

Global Average 12/100
Nepal 24/100
Afghanistan 15/100
India 15/100
Bangladesh 13/100
Sri Lanka 11/100
Pakistan 6/100
Recommendations for Improving Participation

Pakistan should prioritize the following actions to improve public participation in its budget process:

  • Pilot mechanisms for members of the public and executive branch officials to exchange views on national budget matters during both the formulation of the national budget and the monitoring of its implementation. These mechanisms could build on innovations, such as participatory budgeting and social audits. For examples of such mechanisms, see fiscaltransparency.net/mechanisms.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the formulation of the annual budget, during which members of the public or civil society organizations can testify.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution in formulating its audit program and to participate in relevant audit investigations.

Budget Oversight (by Legislature & Audit)

44

out of 100

The legislature and supreme audit institution in Pakistan provide limited oversight of the budget.

To What Extent Does the Legislature Provide Budget Oversight?

Formulation/Approval 52/100
Execution/Audit 6/100

The legislature provides weak oversight during the budget cycle. This score reflects that the legislature provides limited oversight during the planning stage of the budget cycle and weak oversight during the implementation stage of the budget cycle.

To What Extent Does the Supreme Audit Institution Provide Budget Oversight?

Adequate 61/100

The supreme audit institution provides adequate budget oversight.

Recommendations for Improving Oversight

Pakistan should prioritize the following actions to make budget oversight more effective:

  • Ensure the Executive’s Budget Proposal is provided to legislators at least two months before the start of the budget year.
  • Ensure a legislative committee examines and publishes reports on in-year budget implementation online.
  • Ensure audit processes are reviewed by an independent agency.
  • Consider setting up an independent fiscal institution to further strengthen budget oversight.

Learn More

The information on this page presents a partial country summary. For more detailed information, please download:


Open Budget Survey 2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 43/100

The Government of Pakistan provides the public with limited budget information.

Public Participation 10/100

The Government of Pakistan is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight

By legislature 27/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in Pakistan is weak.

By auditor institution 67/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Pakistan is adequate.

Recommendations

Improving Transparency

Pakistan should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish a Pre-Budget Statement.
  • Produce and publish a Mid-Year Review and Citizens Budget.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal and the In-Year Reports.
Improving Participation

Pakistan should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies at which testimony from the public is heard.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution to formulate its audit program and participate in audit investigations.
Improving Oversight

Pakistan should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • Establish a specialized budget research office for the legislature.
  • Ensure the executive receives prior approval by the legislature before implementing a supplemental budget.
  • Establish a system of quality control for the supreme audit institution.

Open Budget Survey 2012

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2010

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2008

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire

Pakistan’s score on the Open Budget Index shows that the government provides the public with minimal information on the central government’s budget and financial activities during the course of the budget year. This makes it very difficult for citizens to hold government accountable for its management of the public’s money.


Open Budget Survey 2006

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire



See more on budget work in Pakistan »