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Romania

Open Budget Survey 2017

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire
Transparency

75

out of 100
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Public Participation

6

out of 100
Read More

Budget Oversight

63

out of 100
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IBP considers countries that score above 60 on the Open Budget Index as providing sufficient budget information to enable the public to engage in budget discussions in an informed manner. IBP considers countries scoring above 60 on participation and oversight as providing adequate opportunities for the public to participate in the budget process and providing adequate oversight practices, respectively.

Transparency (Open Budget Index)

75

out of 100

Romania provides the public with substantial budget information.

How Has the Open Budget Index Score Changed Over Time?
Recommendations for Improving Transparency

Romania should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish a Pre-Budget Statement online in a timely manner.
  • Provide more information on comparisons between planned nonfinancial outcomes and actual outcomes in the Year-End Report and increase the information provided in the Citizens Budget.

Public Participation

6

out of 100

Romania provides few opportunities for the public to engage in the budget process.

How Does Public Participation Compare to Other Countries in the Region?

Global Average 12/100
Ukraine 30/100
Poland 24/100
Bulgaria 22/100
Hungary 11/100
Czech Republic 9/100
Slovakia 9/100
Moldova 7/100
Romania 6/100
Recommendations for Improving Participation

Romania should prioritize the following actions to improve public participation in its budget process:

  • Pilot mechanisms for members of the public and executive branch officials to exchange views on national budget matters during both the formulation of the national budget and the monitoring of its implementation. These mechanisms could build on innovations, such as participatory budgeting and social audits. For examples of such mechanisms, see fiscaltransparency.net/mechanisms.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the formulation of the annual budget, during which any member of the public or civil society organizations can testify.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution in formulating its audit program and to participate in relevant audit investigations.

Budget Oversight (by Legislature & Audit)

63

out of 100

The legislature and supreme audit institution in Romania provide adequate oversight of the budget.

To What Extent Does the Legislature Provide Budget Oversight?

Formulation/Approval 53/100
Execution/Audit 67/100

The legislature provides limited oversight during the budget cycle. This score reflects that the legislature provides limited oversight during the planning stage of the budget cycle and adequate oversight during the implementation stage of the budget cycle.

To What Extent Does the Supreme Audit Institution Provide Budget Oversight?

Adequate 72/100

The supreme audit institution provides adequate budget oversight.

Recommendations for Improving Oversight

Romania should prioritize the following actions to make budget oversight more effective:

  • Ensure the Executive’s Budget Proposal is provided to legislators at least two months before the start of the budget year.
  • Ensure a legislative committee examines and publishes reports on in-year budget implementation online.
  • Ensure audit processes are reviewed by an independent agency

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The information on this page presents a partial country summary. For more detailed information, please download:


Open Budget Survey 2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 75/100

The Government of Romania provides the public with extensive budget information.

Public Participation 42/100

The Government of Romania provides the public with limited opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight 

By legislature 54/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in Romania is limited.

By auditor 100/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit in Romania is adequate

Recommendations

Improving Transparency

Romania should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Produce and publish a Citizens Budget.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by presenting more information on contingent liabilities and on future liabilities.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Year-End Report by presenting more information on planned versus actual performance.
Improving Participation

Romania should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Ensure the public is informed of the purpose of public budget engagements and provided with sufficient information to participate effectively.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the state of the economy that are attended by the executive and open to the public.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to participate in audit investigations.
Improving Oversight

Romania should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • Ensure the Executive’s Budget Proposal is provided to legislators at least three months before the start of the budget year.
  • Ensure the executive receives prior approval by the legislature before implementing a supplemental budget.

Open Budget Survey 2012

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2010

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2008

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire

Romania’s score on the Open Budget Index shows that the government provides the public with substantial information on the central government’s budget and financial activities during the course of the budget year. This gives citizens tools to hold government accountable for its management of the public’s money.


Open Budget Survey 2006

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire



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