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Russia

Open Budget Survey 2017

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Country Summary - Russian Questionnaire
Transparency

72

out of 100
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Public Participation

13

out of 100
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Budget Oversight

78

out of 100
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IBP considers countries that score above 60 on the Open Budget Index as providing sufficient budget information to enable the public to engage in budget discussions in an informed manner. IBP considers countries scoring above 60 on participation and oversight as providing adequate opportunities for the public to participate in the budget process and providing adequate oversight practices, respectively.

Transparency (Open Budget Index)

72

out of 100

Russia provides the public with substantial budget information.

How Has the Open Budget Index Score Changed Over Time?
Recommendations for Improving Transparency

Russia should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish a Pre-Budget Statement online in a timely manner.
  • Increase the information provided on tax expenditures and transfers to public corporations in the Executive’s Budget Proposal.
  • Increase the information provided on comparisons between planned revenues and actual outcomes, as well as comparisons between original macroeconomic forecasts and actual outcomes in the Year-End Report.

Public Participation

13

out of 100

Russia provides few opportunities for the public to engage in the budget process.

How Does Public Participation Compare to Other Countries in the Region?

Global Average 12/100
Kyrgyz Republic 31/100
Georgia 22/100
Kazakhstan 13/100
Russia 13/100
Azerbaijan 11/100
Mongolia 7/100
Tajikistan 7/100
Turkey 0/100
Recommendations for Improving Participation

Russia should prioritize the following actions to improve public participation in its budget process:

  • Pilot mechanisms for members of the public and executive branch officials to exchange views on national budget matters during both the formulation of the national budget and the monitoring of its implementation. These mechanisms could build on innovations, such as participatory budgeting and social audits. For examples of such mechanisms, see fiscaltransparency.net/mechanisms.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the Audit Report, during which members of the public or civil society organizations can testify.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution in formulating its audit program.

Budget Oversight (by Legislature & Audit)

78

out of 100

The legislature and supreme audit institution in Russia provide adequate oversight of the budget.

To What Extent Does the Legislature Provide Budget Oversight?

Formulation/Approval 72/100
Execution/Audit 80/100

The legislature provides adequate oversight during the budget cycle. This score reflects that the legislature provides adequate oversight during the planning stage of the budget cycle and adequate oversight during the implementation stage of the budget cycle.

To What Extent Does the Supreme Audit Institution Provide Budget Oversight?

Adequate 83/100

The supreme audit institution provides adequate budget oversight.

Recommendations for Improving Oversight

Russia should prioritize the following actions to make budget oversight more effective:

  • Ensure a legislative committee examines and publishes reports on in-year budget implementation online.
  • Ensure audit processes are reviewed by an independent agency.
  • Consider setting up an independent fiscal institution to further strengthen budget oversight.

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The information on this page presents a partial country summary. For more detailed information, please download:


Open Budget Survey 2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Country Summary - Russian Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 74/100

The Government of Russia provides the public with substantial budget information.

Public Participation 25/100

The Government of Russia is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight

By legislature 79/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in Russia is adequate.

By auditor 100/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Russia is adequate.

Recommendations 

Improving Transparency

Russia should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by presenting more details on the classification of expenditures and debt and interest for prior years.
Improving Participation

Russia should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Establish even more credible and effective mechanisms for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters. When the research was conducted, the Russian government had plans to do so, which included working with reference groups; independent anti-corruption expertise and public monitoring; interacting with community councils and mass media; and engaging citizens, organizations, and public associations.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies, as well as on audit reports at which testimony from the public is heard.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution to formulate its audit program and participate in audit investigations.
Improving Oversight

Russia should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • In both law and practice, ensure the legislature is consulted prior to the spending of contingency funds that were not identified in the Enacted Budget.
  • Ensure the legislature holds public meetings to review Audit Reports.


Open Budget Survey 2010

Downloads:
Country Summary Country Summary - Russian Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2008

Downloads:
Country Summary Country Summary Country Summary Questionnaire

Russia’s score on the Open Budget Index shows that the government provides the public with some, albeit incomplete, information on the central government’s budget and financial activities during the course of the budget year. This makes it difficult for citizens to hold government accountable for its management of the public’s money.


Open Budget Survey 2006

Downloads:
Country Summary Country Summary Questionnaire



See more on budget work in Russia »