Next Country »
« Back to Country List

Sweden

Open Budget Survey 2017

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire
Transparency

87

out of 100
Read More

Public Participation

17

out of 100
Read More

Budget Oversight

85

out of 100
Read More

IBP considers countries that score above 60 on the Open Budget Index as providing sufficient budget information to enable the public to engage in budget discussions in an informed manner. IBP considers countries scoring above 60 on participation and oversight as providing adequate opportunities for the public to participate in the budget process and providing adequate oversight practices, respectively.

Transparency (Open Budget Index)

87

out of 100

Sweden provides the public with extensive budget information.

How Has the Open Budget Index Score Changed Over Time?
Recommendations for Improving Transparency

Sweden should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Increase the information provided in the Executive’s Budget Proposal by increasing data on the financial position of the government.
  • Increase the information provided in the Year-End Report by including comparisons between planned nonfinancial outcomes and actual outcomes and including comparisons between borrowing estimates and actual outcomes.

Public Participation

17

out of 100

Sweden provides few opportunities for the public to engage in the budget process.

How Does Public Participation Compare to Other Countries in the Region?

Global Average 12/100
United Kingdom 57/100
Canada 39/100
United States 22/100
France 17/100
Germany 17/100
Norway 17/100
Sweden 17/100
Portugal 15/100
Italy 7/100
Spain 2/100
Recommendations for Improving Participation

Sweden should prioritize the following actions to improve public participation in its budget process:

  • Pilot mechanisms for members of the public and the executive branch officials to exchange views on national budget matters during both the formulation of the national budget and the monitoring of its implementation. These mechanisms could build on innovations, such as participatory budgeting and social audits. For examples of such mechanisms, see fiscaltransparency.net/mechanisms.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the Audit Report, during which members of the public or civil society organizations can testify.

Budget Oversight (by Legislature & Audit)

85

out of 100

The legislature and supreme audit institution in Sweden provide adequate oversight of the budget.

To What Extent Does the Legislature Provide Budget Oversight?

Formulation/Approval 86/100
Execution/Audit 73/100

The legislature provides adequate oversight during the budget cycle. This score reflects that the legislature provides adequate oversight during the planning stage of the budget cycle and adequate oversight during the implementation stage of the budget cycle.

To What Extent Does the Supreme Audit Institution Provide Budget Oversight?

Adequate 95/100

The supreme audit institution provides adequate budget oversight.

Recommendations for Improving Oversight

Sweden should prioritize the following actions to make budget oversight more effective:

  • In practice, ensure the legislature is consulted before the executive reduces spending due to revenue shortfalls.
  • Publish the reports of the independent fiscal institution on cost estimates of all new policy proposals online.

Learn More

The information on this page presents a partial country summary. For more detailed information, please download:


Open Budget Survey 2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 87/100 

The Government of Sweden provides the public with extensive budget information.

Public Participation 48/100 

The Government of Sweden provides the public with limited opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight 

By legislature 85/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in Sweden is adequate.

By auditor 100/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Sweden is adequate.

Recommendations 

Improving Transparency

Sweden should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by presenting more information on the economic and functional classification of expenditures for the budget year.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Year-End Report by presenting information on planned versus actual performance.
Improving Participation

Sweden should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Ensure the public is informed of the purpose of public budget engagements and provided with sufficient information to participate effectively.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies at which testimony from the public is heard.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to participate in audit investigations.
Improving Oversight

Sweden should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • In both law and practice, ensure the legislature is consulted prior to the spending of contingency funds that were not identified in the Enacted Budget.

 


Open Budget Survey 2012

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2010

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2008

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire

Sweden’s score on the Open Budget Index shows that the government provides the public with substantial information on the central government’s budget and financial activities during the course of the budget year. This gives citizens tools to hold government accountable for its management of the public’s money.


Open Budget Survey 2006

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire



See more on budget work in Sweden »