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São Tomé e Príncipe

Open Budget Survey 2017

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Country Summary - Portuguese Questionnaire
Transparency

31

out of 100
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Public Participation

0

out of 100
Read More

Budget Oversight

46

out of 100
Read More

IBP considers countries that score above 60 on the Open Budget Index as providing sufficient budget information to enable the public to engage in budget discussions in an informed manner. IBP considers countries scoring above 60 on participation and oversight as providing adequate opportunities for the public to participate in the budget process and providing adequate oversight practices, respectively.

Transparency (Open Budget Index)

31

out of 100

São Tomé e Príncipe provides the public with minimal budget information.

How Has the Open Budget Index Score Changed Over Time?
Recommendations for Improving Transparency

São Tomé e Príncipe should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish a Year-End Report online.
  • Produce and publish a Citizens Budget, a Pre-Budget Statement and a Mid-Year Review.
  • Delays in the production of Audit Reports should be reduced, so as to allow for their publication in a timely manner.
  • Increase the information provided in the Executive’s Budget Proposal by including data on extra budgetary funds and quasi-fiscal activities and by linking the budget more closely to policy by illustrating how new policies affect revenue and expenditure and by outlining nonfinancial inputs, outputs, and targets.

Public Participation

0

out of 100

São Tomé e Príncipe provides no opportunities for the public to engage in the budget process.

How Does Public Participation Compare to Other Countries in the Region?

Global Average 12/100
Ghana 22/100
Nigeria 13/100
Liberia 11/100
Sierra Leone 6/100
Equatorial Guinea 0/100
São Tomé e Príncipe 0/100
Recommendations for Improving Participation

São Tomé e Príncipe should prioritize the following actions to improve public participation in its budget process:

  • Pilot mechanisms for members of the public and executive branch officials to exchange views on national budget matters during both the formulation of the national budget and the monitoring of its implementation. These mechanisms could build on innovations, such as participatory budgeting and social audits. For examples of such mechanisms, see fiscaltransparency.net/mechanisms.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the formulation of the annual budget, during which members of the public or civil society organizations can testify.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution in formulating its audit program and to participate in relevant audit investigations.

Budget Oversight (by Legislature & Audit)

46

out of 100

The legislature and supreme audit institution in São Tomé e Príncipe provide limited oversight of the budget.

To What Extent Does the Legislature Provide Budget Oversight?

Formulation/Approval 38/100
Execution/Audit 33/100

The legislature provides weak oversight during the budget cycle. This score reflects that the legislature provides weak oversight during the planning stage of the budget cycle and weak oversight during the implementation stage of the budget cycle.

To What Extent Does the Supreme Audit Institution Provide Budget Oversight?

Adequate 67/100

The supreme audit institution provides adequate budget oversight.

Recommendations for Improving Oversight

São Tomé e Príncipe should prioritize the following actions to make budget oversight more effective:

  • Ensure the legislature holds a debate on budget policy prior to the tabling of the Executive’s Budget Proposal and approves recommendations for the upcoming budget.
  • Ensure a legislative committee examines and publishes reports on in-year budget implementation online.
  • Ensure audit processes are reviewed by an independent agency.
  • Consider setting up an independent fiscal institution to further strengthen budget oversight.

Open Budget Survey 2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Country Summary - Portuguese Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 29/100 

The Government of São Tomé e Príncipe provides the public with minimal budget information.

Public Participation 4/100

The Government of São Tomé e Príncipe is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight

By legislature 40/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in São Tomé e Príncipe is weak.

By auditor 56/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in São Tomé e Príncipe is limited.

Recommendations

Improving Transparency

São Tomé e Príncipe should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish a Year-End Report, the In-Year Reports, and an Audit Report.
  • Publish in a timely manner a Pre-Budget Statement.
  • Produce and publish a Mid-Year Review.
Improving Participation

São Tomé e Príncipe should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies, as well as on audit reports, at which testimony from the public is heard.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution to formulate its audit program and participate in audit investigations.
Improving Oversight

São Tomé e Príncipe should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • Establish a specialized budget research office for the legislature.
  • In both law and practice, ensure the legislature is consulted prior to the virement of funds in the Enacted Budget, the spending of any unanticipated revenue, and the spending of contingency funds that were not identified in the Enacted Budget.
  • Establish a system of quality control for the supreme audit institution.

 



Open Budget Survey 2010

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2008

Downloads:
Country Summary Country Summary - Portuguese Questionnaire



See more on budget work in São Tomé e Príncipe »