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Swaziland

Open Budget Survey 2017

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire
Transparency

3

out of 100
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Public Participation

0

out of 100
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Budget Oversight

37

out of 100
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IBP considers countries that score above 60 on the Open Budget Index as providing sufficient budget information to enable the public to engage in budget discussions in an informed manner. IBP considers countries scoring above 60 on participation and oversight as providing adequate opportunities for the public to participate in the budget process and providing adequate oversight practices, respectively.

Transparency (Open Budget Index)

3

out of 100

Swaziland provides the public with scant budget information.

How Does Swaziland's Open Budget Index Score Compare?

In the Open Budget Survey 2017, this country is being assessed for the first time.

Recommendations for Improving Transparency

Swaziland should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish the Executive’s Budget Proposal, the Pre-Budget Statement, the Enacted Budget, the Mid-Year Review, and the Year-End Report online.
  • Produce and publish online the Citizen´s Budget and the In-Year Reports.

Public Participation

0

out of 100

Swaziland provides the public with no opportunities to engage in the budget process.

How Does Public Participation Compare to Other Countries in the Region?

Global Average 12/100
South Africa 24/100
Zambia 15/100
Botswana 15/100
Malawi 15/100
Zimbabwe 9/100
Angola 7/100
Mozambique 7/100
Lesotho 0/100
Namibia 0/100
Swaziland 0/100
Recommendations for Improving Participation

Swaziland should prioritize the following actions to improve public participation in its budget process:

  • Pilot mechanisms for members of the public and executive branch officials to exchange views on national budget matters during both the formulation of the national budget and the monitoring of its implementation. These mechanisms could build on innovations, such as participatory budgeting and social audits. For examples of such mechanisms, see fiscaltransparency.net/mechanisms.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the formulation of the annual budget, during which members of the public or civil society organizations can testify.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution in formulating its audit program and to participate in relevant audit investigations

Budget Oversight (by Legislature & Audit)

37

out of 100

The legislature and supreme audit institution in Swaziland provide weak oversight of the budget.

To What Extent Does the Legislature Provide Budget Oversight?

Formulation/Approval 38/100
Execution/Audit 53/100

The legislature provides limited oversight during the budget cycle. This score reflects that the legislature provides weak oversight during the planning stage of the budget cycle and limited oversight during the implementation stage of the budget cycle.

To What Extent Does the Supreme Audit Institution Provide Budget Oversight?

Weak 22/100

The supreme audit institution provides weak budget oversight.

Recommendations for Improving Oversight

Swaziland should prioritize the following actions to make budget oversight more effective:

  • Ensure the legislature holds a debate on budget policy prior to the tabling of the Executive’s Budget Proposal and approves recommendations for the upcoming budget.
  • Ensure a legislative committee examines and publishes reports on in-year budget implementation online.
  • Require legislative or judicial approval to appoint and remove the head of the supreme audit institution.
  • Consider setting up an independent fiscal institution to further strengthen budget oversight.

Learn More

The information on this page presents a partial country summary. For more detailed information, please download:




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