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Thailand

Open Budget Survey 2017

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire
Transparency

56

out of 100
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Public Participation

7

out of 100
Read More

Budget Oversight

52

out of 100
Read More

IBP considers countries that score above 60 on the Open Budget Index as providing sufficient budget information to enable the public to engage in budget discussions in an informed manner. IBP considers countries scoring above 60 on participation and oversight as providing adequate opportunities for the public to participate in the budget process and providing adequate oversight practices, respectively.

Transparency (Open Budget Index)

56

out of 100

Thailand provides the public with limited budget information.

How Has the Open Budget Index Score Changed Over Time?
Recommendations for Improving Transparency

Thailand should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Produce and publish a Year-End Report.
  • Increase the information provided in the Mid-Year Review by explaining the differences between the original and updated macroeconomic forecasts and expenditure estimates and presenting expenditure estimates by administrative, functional, and programmatic classifications.
  • Increase the information provided in the Citizens Budget by including revenue totals, the macroeconomic forecast, and contact information for follow-up by citizens.

Public Participation

7

out of 100

Thailand provides few opportunities for the public to engage in the budget process.

How Does Public Participation Compare to Other Countries in the Region?

Global Average 12/100
Philippines 41/100
Indonesia 22/100
Malaysia 22/100
Timor-Leste 9/100
Thailand 7/100
Vietnam 7/100
Cambodia 4/100
Myanmar 0/100
Recommendations for Improving Participation

Thailand should prioritize the following actions to improve public participation in its budget process:

  • Pilot mechanisms for members of the public and executive branch officials to exchange views on national budget matters during both the formulation of the national budget and the monitoring of its implementation. These mechanisms could build on innovations, such as participatory budgeting and social audits. For examples of such mechanisms, see fiscaltransparency.net/mechanisms.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the formulation of the annual budget, during which members of the public or civil society organizations can testify.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to participate in relevant audit investigations.

Budget Oversight (by Legislature & Audit)

52

out of 100

The legislature and supreme audit institution in Thailand provide limited oversight of the budget.

To What Extent Does the Legislature Provide Budget Oversight?

Formulation/Approval 57/100
Execution/Audit 27/100

The legislature provides limited oversight during the budget cycle. This score reflects that the legislature provides limited oversight during the planning stage of the budget cycle and weak oversight during the implementation stage of the budget cycle.

To What Extent Does the Supreme Audit Institution Provide Budget Oversight?

Adequate 67/100

The supreme audit institution provides adequate budget oversight.

Recommendations for Improving Oversight

Thailand should prioritize the following actions to make budget oversight more effective:

  • Ensure legislative committees examine and publish reports on their analyses of the Executive’s Budget Proposal online.
  • Ensure a legislative committee examines and publishes reports on in-year budget implementation online.
  • Ensure audit processes are reviewed by an independent agency.
  • Publish the reports of the independent fiscal institution on macroeconomic and fiscal forecasts and on cost estimates of new policy proposals online.

Learn More

The information on this page presents a partial country summary. For more detailed information, please download:


Open Budget Survey 2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 42/100 

The Government of Thailand provides the public with limited budget information.

Public Participation 42/100 

The Government of Thailand provides the public with limited opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight 

By legislature 30/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in Thailand is weak.

By auditor 75/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Thailand is adequate.

Recommendations 

Improving Transparency

Thailand should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Produce and publish a Mid-Year Review, Year-End Report, and Audit Report.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by, for example, presenting more details on the classification of expenditures and revenues for future years.
Improving Participation

Thailand should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Provide detailed feedback on how public perspectives have been captured and taken into account.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies at which testimony from the public is heard.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to participate in audit investigations.
Improving Oversight

Thailand should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • Establish a specialized budget research office for the legislature.
  • In both law and practice, ensure the legislature is consulted prior to the virement of funds in the Enacted Budget, the spending of any unanticipated revenue, and the spending of contingency funds that were not identified in the Enacted Budget.

 


Open Budget Survey 2012

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2010

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2008

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire

Thailand’s score on the Open Budget Index shows that the government provides the public with minimal information on the central government’s budget and financial activities during the course of the budget year. This makes it quite difficult for citizens to hold government accountable for its management of the public’s money.




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