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Turkey

Open Budget Survey 2017

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire
Transparency

58

out of 100
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Public Participation

0

out of 100
Read More

Budget Oversight

59

out of 100
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IBP considers countries that score above 60 on the Open Budget Index as providing sufficient budget information to enable the public to engage in budget discussions in an informed manner. IBP considers countries scoring above 60 on participation and oversight as providing adequate opportunities for the public to participate in the budget process and providing adequate oversight practices, respectively.

Transparency (Open Budget Index)

58

out of 100

Turkey provides the public with limited budget information.

How Has the Open Budget Index Score Changed Over Time?
Recommendations for Improving Transparency

Turkey should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish a Pre-Budget Statement online in a timely manner.
  • Increase the information provided in the Audit Report by including an executive summary with an overview of the audit results and releasing a report to the public that tracks actions taken by the executive to address the audit recommendations.
  • Improve the information provided in the Citizens Budget by establishing mechanisms to identify the public’s requirements for budget information prior to publishing the Citizens Budget.

Public Participation

0

out of 100

Turkey provides the public with no opportunities to engage in the budget process.

How Does Public Participation Compare to Other Countries in the Region?

Global Average 12/100
Kyrgyz Republic 31/100
Georgia 22/100
Kazakhstan 13/100
Russia 13/100
Azerbaijan 11/100
Mongolia 7/100
Tajikistan 7/100
Turkey 0/100
Recommendations for Improving Participation

Turkey should prioritize the following actions to improve public participation in its budget process:

  • Pilot mechanisms for members of the public and executive branch officials to exchange views on national budget matters during the formulation of the national budget and the monitoring of its implementation. These mechanisms could build on innovations, such as participatory budgeting and social audits. For examples of such mechanisms, see fiscaltransparency.net/mechanisms.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the formulation of the annual budget, during which members of the public or civil society organizations can testify.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution in formulating its audit program and to participate in relevant audit investigations.

Budget Oversight (by Legislature & Audit)

59

out of 100

The legislature and supreme audit institution in Turkey provide limited oversight of the budget.

To What Extent Does the Legislature Provide Budget Oversight?

Formulation/Approval 62/100
Execution/Audit 33/100

The legislature provides limited oversight during the budget cycle. This score reflects that the legislature provides adequate oversight during the planning stage of the budget cycle and weak oversight during the implementation stage of the budget cycle.

To What Extent Does the Supreme Audit Institution Provide Budget Oversight?

Adequate 78/100

The supreme audit institution provides adequate budget oversight.

Recommendations for Improving Oversight

Turkey should prioritize the following actions to make budget oversight more effective:

  • Ensure the legislature holds a debate on budget policy prior to the tabling of the Executive’s Budget Proposal and approves recommendations for the upcoming budget.
  • In practice, ensure the legislature is consulted before the executive shifts funds between administrative units specified in the Enacted Budget during the budget year, spends any unanticipated revenue, or reduces spending due to revenue shortfalls.
  • Ensure audit processes are reviewed by an independent agency.
  • Consider setting up an independent fiscal institution to further strengthen budget oversight.

Learn More

The information on this page presents a partial country summary. For more detailed information, please download:


Open Budget Survey 2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 44/100

The Government of Turkey provides the public with limited budget information.

Public Participation 21/100

The Government of Turkey is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight 

By legislature 17/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in Turkey is weak.

By auditor 92/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Turkey is adequate.

Recommendations 

Improving Transparency

Turkey should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish in a timely manner a Pre-Budget Statement.
  • Produce and publish a Citizens Budget.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by presenting more details on policy narratives and performance information, as well as more information on issues beyond the core budget.
Improving Participation

Turkey should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies at which testimony from the public is heard.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution to formulate its audit program and to participate in audit investigations.
Improving Oversight

Turkey should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • Establish a specialized budget research office for the legislature.
  • Ensure the legislature holds a pre-budget debate and the outcome is reflected in the Enacted Budget.
  • In both law and practice, ensure the legislature is consulted prior to the virement of funds in the Enacted Budget, the spending of any unanticipated revenue, and the spending of contingency funds that were not identified in the Enacted Budget.

 


Open Budget Survey 2012

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2010

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2008

Downloads:
Country Summary Country Summary - Russian Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2006

Downloads:
Country Summary Country Summary Questionnaire



See more on budget work in Turkey »