Next Country »
« Back to Country List

Tanzania

Open Budget Survey 2017

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire
Transparency

10

out of 100
Read More

Public Participation

15

out of 100
Read More

Budget Oversight

41

out of 100
Read More

IBP considers countries that score above 60 on the Open Budget Index as providing sufficient budget information to enable the public to engage in budget discussions in an informed manner. IBP considers countries scoring above 60 on participation and oversight as providing adequate opportunities for the public to participate in the budget process and providing adequate oversight practices, respectively.

Transparency (Open Budget Index)

10

out of 100

Tanzania provides the public with scant budget information.

How Has the Open Budget Index Score Changed Over Time?
Recommendations for Improving Transparency

Tanzania should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish an Executive’s Budget Proposal, including the Budget Books “as submitted” to the National Assembly, on the Ministry of Finance and Planning’s website.
  • Publish In-Year Reports online in a timely manner.
  • Publish a Citizens Budget online in a timely manner.

Public Participation

15

out of 100

Tanzania provides few opportunities for the public to engage in the budget process.

How Does Public Participation Compare to Other Countries in the Region?

Global Average 12/100
Uganda 28/100
Kenya 15/100
Tanzania 15/100
Rwanda 13/100
Madagascar 9/100
South Sudan 2/100
Somalia 2/100
Burundi 0/100
Comoros 0/100
Recommendations for Improving Participation

Tanzania should prioritize the following actions to improve public participation in its budget process:

  • Pilot mechanisms for members of the public and executive branch officials to exchange views on national budget matters during both the formulation of the national budget and the monitoring of its implementation. These mechanisms could build on innovations, such as participatory budgeting and social audits. For examples of such mechanisms, see fiscaltransparency.net/mechanisms.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the formulation of the annual budget, during which any member of the public or civil society organizations can testify.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution in formulating its audit program and to participate in relevant audit investigations.

Budget Oversight (by Legislature & Audit)

41

out of 100

The legislature and supreme audit institution in Tanzania provide limited oversight of the budget.

To What Extent Does the Legislature Provide Budget Oversight?

Formulation/Approval 67/100
Execution/Audit 7/100

The legislature provides limited oversight during the budget cycle. This score reflects that the legislature provides adequate oversight during the planning stage of the budget cycle and weak oversight during the implementation stage of the budget cycle.

To What Extent Does the Supreme Audit Institution Provide Budget Oversight?

Weak 39/100

The supreme audit institution provides weak budget oversight.

Recommendations for Improving Oversight

Tanzania should prioritize the following actions to make budget oversight more effective:

  • Ensure legislative committees examine the Executive’s Budget Proposal and publish reports on their analyses online.
  • Ensure a legislative committee examines in-year budget implementation and publishes reports with recommendations online.
  • Require legislative or judicial approval to appoint and remove the head of the supreme audit institution.
  • Consider setting up an independent fiscal institution.

Learn More

The information on this page presents a partial country summary. For more detailed information, please download:


Open Budget Survey 2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 46/100 

The Government of Tanzania provides the public with limited budget information.

Public Participation 33/100 

The Government of Tanzania is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight 

By legislature 39/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in Tanzania is weak.

By auditor 50/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Tanzania is limited.

Recommendations 

Improving Transparency

Tanzania should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Produce and publish a Mid-Year Review and Year-End Report.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Enacted Budget.
Improving Participation

Tanzania should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Establish accessible mechanisms for capturing public perspectives and provide detailed feedback on how public inputs have been captured and taken into account.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies at which testimony from the public is heard.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to participate in audit investigations.
Improving Oversight

Tanzania should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • Establish a specialized budget research office for the legislature.
  • Ensure the executive receives prior approval from the legislature before implementing a supplemental budget. 
  • Require legislative or judicial approval to remove the head of the supreme audit institution.

 


Open Budget Survey 2012

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2010

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire

Open Budget Survey 2008

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire

Tanzania’s score on the Open Budget Index shows that the government provides the public with minimal information on the central government’s budget and financial activities during the course of the budget year. This makes it difficult for citizens to hold government accountable for its management of the public’s money.


Open Budget Survey 2006

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire



See more on budget work in Tanzania »