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Zimbabwe

Open Budget Survey 2017

Downloads:
Country Summary Questionnaire
Transparency

23

out of 100
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Public Participation

9

out of 100
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Budget Oversight

44

out of 100
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IBP considers countries that score above 60 on the Open Budget Index as providing sufficient budget information to enable the public to engage in budget discussions in an informed manner. IBP considers countries scoring above 60 on participation and oversight as providing adequate opportunities for the public to participate in the budget process and providing adequate oversight practices, respectively.

Transparency (Open Budget Index)

23

out of 100

Zimbabwe provides the public with minimal budget information.

How Has the Open Budget Index Score Changed Over Time?
Recommendations for Improving Transparency

Zimbabwe should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Continue publishing online and in a timely manner an Enacted Budget and In-Year Reports. Following the research period of the OBS 2017, both the Enacted Budget and In-Year Reports have been made publicly available.
  • Produce and publish online in a timely manner a Year-End Report and a Citizens Budget.
  • Ensure that the Executive’s Budget Proposal that is posted online matches the printed version.
  • Increase the information on expenditure and revenue provided in the Executive’s Budget Proposal by including expenditure by functional classification and individual sources of tax and non-tax revenue.

Public Participation

9

out of 100

Zimbabwe provides few opportunities for the public to engage in the budget process.

How Does Public Participation Compare to Other Countries in the Region?

Global Average 12/100
South Africa 24/100
Zambia 15/100
Botswana 15/100
Malawi 15/100
Zimbabwe 9/100
Angola 7/100
Mozambique 7/100
Lesotho 0/100
Namibia 0/100
Swaziland 0/100
Recommendations for Improving Participation

Zimbabwe should prioritize the following actions to improve public participation in its budget process:

  • Pilot mechanisms led by the Ministry of Finance and Economic Development for members of the public and executive branch officials to exchange views on national budget matters during both the formulation of the national budget and the monitoring of its implementation. These mechanisms could build on innovations, such as participatory budgeting and social audits. For examples of such mechanisms, see fiscaltransparency.net/mechanisms.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the Audit Report, during which members of the public or civil society organizations can testify.

Budget Oversight (by Legislature & Audit)

44

out of 100

The legislature and supreme audit institution in Zimbabwe provide limited oversight of the budget.

To What Extent Does the Legislature Provide Budget Oversight?

Formulation/Approval 33/100
Execution/Audit 53/100

The legislature provides limited oversight during the budget cycle. This score reflects that the legislature provides weak oversight during the planning stage of the budget cycle and limited oversight during the implementation stage of the budget cycle.

To What Extent Does the Supreme Audit Institution Provide Budget Oversight?

Limited 50/100

The supreme audit institution provides limited budget oversight.

Recommendations for Improving Oversight

Zimbabwe should prioritize the following actions to make budget oversight more effective:

  • Ensure legislative committees publish reports on their analysis of the Executive’s Budget Proposal online.
  • Ensure a legislative committee publishes reports on in-year budget implementation online.
  • Ensure audit processes are reviewed by an independent agency.
  • Publish the reports of the independent fiscal institution on macroeconomic and fiscal forecasts and on cost estimates of new policy proposals online.

Learn More

The information on this page presents a partial country summary. For more detailed information, please download:


Open Budget Survey 2015

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 35/100 

The Government of Zimbabwe provides the public with minimal budget information.

Public Participation 15/100

The Government of Zimbabwe is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight 

By legislature 21/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in Zimbabwe is weak.

By auditor 33/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Zimbabwe is weak.

Recommendations 

Improving Transparency

Zimbabwe should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish the Enacted Budget and Audit Report.
  • Produce and publish a Citizens Budget and a Year-End Report.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal.
Improving Participation

Zimbabwe should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies, as well as on audit reports at which testimony from the public is heard.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution to formulate its audit program and participate in audit investigations.
Improving Oversight

Zimbabwe should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • Ensure the Executive’s Budget Proposal is provided to legislators at least three months before the start of the budget year.
  • Ensure the executive receives prior approval from the legislature before implementing a supplemental budget.
  • Grant the supreme audit institution full powers to undertake audits as it sees fit.

 


Open Budget Survey 2012

Downloads:
Country Summary - English Questionnaire



See more on budget work in Zimbabwe »