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Open Budget Survey Document Availability Tracker

December 2016 Update

To recognize improvements and identify slippages in budget transparency between rounds of the biennial Open Budget Survey, we periodically assess the public availability of the eight key budget documents – an essential component of transparency. This update presents the results of the most recent of these interim assessments.


Open Budget Survey 2015December 2016 Update
Pre-Budget StatementNot ProducedAvailable to the Public
Executive's Budget ProposalPublished LateAvailable to the Public
Enacted BudgetAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Citizens BudgetNot ProducedAvailable to the Public
In-Year ReportsAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Mid-Year ReviewAvailable to the PublicProduced for Internal Use Only
Year-End ReportAvailable to the PublicProduced for Internal Use Only
Audit ReportProduced for Internal Use OnlyProduced for Internal Use Only

As of 31 December 2016, the government of Egypt makes five of eight key budget documents publicly available online in a timeframe consistent with international standards. This reflects a net increase over the findings of the Open Budget Survey 2015, which assessed the availability of documents up to 30 June 2014. Since that assessment, Egypt has published the Executive’s Budget Proposal in a timely manner and published the Citizens Budget and the Pre-Budget Statement, but produced the Year-End Report and the Mid-Year Review for internal use only.

To improve budget transparency, Egypt should publish a Year-End Report, an Audit Report, and a Mid-Year Review. For more information on the content that the eight key budget documents should contain, and the publication timeframe for each document, please see IBP’s Guide to Transparency in Government Budget Reports and the Open Budget Survey Guidelines on Public Availability of Budget Documents.


Country Summary - Arabic Country Summary - English Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 16/100 

The Government of Egypt provides the public with scant budget information.

Public Participation 8/100 

The Government of Egypt is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight

By legislature 0/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in Egypt is nonexistent.1

By auditor 42/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Egypt is limited.


Improving Transparency

Egypt should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish in a timely manner an Executive’s Budget Proposal.
  • Publish an Audit Report.
  • Publish a Mid-Year Review.[1]
Improving Participation

Egypt should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
  • Reinstate the legislature and hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies at which testimony from the public is heard.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution to formulate its audit program and to participate in audit investigations.
Improving Oversight

Egypt should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • Reinstate the legislature and establish a specialized budget research office for the legislature.
  • Ensure the Executive’s Budget Proposal is provided to legislators at least three months before the start of the budget year.
  • Require legislative or judicial approval to remove the head of the supreme audit institution.


[1] According to the Open Budget Survey Tracker (, the 2014-2015 Mid-Year Review, which should have been published by 31 March 2015, is considered not publicly available. The 2013-2014 Mid-Year Review, which was assessed as part of the Open Budget Survey 2015, was published in a timely manner.


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