Open Budget Survey Document Availability Tracker
December 2016 Update
To recognize improvements and identify slippages in budget transparency between rounds of the biennial Open Budget Survey, we periodically assess the public availability of the eight key budget documents – an essential component of transparency. This update presents the results of the most recent of these interim assessments.
|Open Budget Survey 2015||December 2016 Update|
|Pre-Budget Statement||Available to the Public||Not Produced|
|Executive's Budget Proposal||Produced for Internal Use Only||Available to the Public|
|Enacted Budget||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Citizens Budget||Not Produced||Not Produced|
|In-Year Reports||Produced for Internal Use Only||Published Late|
|Mid-Year Review||Produced for Internal Use Only||Published Late|
|Year-End Report||Available to the Public||Not Produced|
|Audit Report||Produced for Internal Use Only||Not Produced|
As of 31 December 2016, the government of Fiji makes two of eight key budget documents publicly available online in a timeframe consistent with international standards. This reflects a net decrease over the findings of the Open Budget Survey 2015, which assessed the availability of documents up to 30 June 2014. Since that assessment, Fiji has published the Executive’s Budget Proposal but failed to produce the Year-end Report and failed to publish the In-Year Reports in a timely manner.
To improve budget transparency, Fiji should produce and publish a Year-End Report and an Audit Report, and publish the In-Year Reports in a timely manner. For more information on the content that the eight key budget documents should contain, and the publication timeframe for each document, please see IBP’s Guide to Transparency in Government Budget Reports and the Open Budget Survey Guidelines on Public Availability of Budget Documents.
Transparency (Open Budget Index) 15/100
The Government of Fiji provides the public with scant budget information.
Public Participation 10/100
The Government of Fiji is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.
By legislature 0/100
Budget oversight by the legislature in Fiji is nonexistent.
By auditor 25/100
Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Fiji is weak.
Fiji should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:
- Publish a Pre-Budget Statement, an Enacted Budget, an In-Year Report, and a Mid-Year Review.
- Produce and publish a Citizens Budget and a Year-End Report.
Fiji should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:
- Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
- Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies at which testimony from the public is heard.
- Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution to formulate its audit program and to participate in audit investigations.
Fiji should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:
- Establish a specialized budget research office for the legislature.
- Ensure the Executive’s Budget Proposal is provided to legislators at least three months before the start of the budget year.
- Require legislative or judicial approval to remove the head of the supreme audit institution.
 According to the Open Budget Survey Tracker (www.obstracker.org), the 2015 Pre-Budget Statement, 2015 Enacted Budget, and 2013 Year-End Report are considered not publicly available. The 2014 Pre-Budget Statement, 2014 Enacted Budget, and 2012 Year-End Report, which were assessed as part of the Open Budget Survey 2015, were published in a timely manner.