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Open Budget Survey Document Availability Tracker

December 2016 Update

To recognize improvements and identify slippages in budget transparency between rounds of the biennial Open Budget Survey, we periodically assess the public availability of the eight key budget documents – an essential component of transparency. This update presents the results of the most recent of these interim assessments.


Open Budget Survey 2015December 2016 Update
Pre-Budget StatementAvailable to the PublicPublished Late
Executive's Budget ProposalAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Enacted BudgetAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Citizens BudgetAvailable to the PublicNot Produced
In-Year ReportsAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Mid-Year ReviewNot ProducedNot Produced
Year-End ReportAvailable to the PublicProduced for Internal Use Only
Audit ReportAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public

As of 31 December 2016, the government of Mongolia makes four of eight key budget documents publicly available online in a timeframe consistent with international standards. This reflects a net decrease over the findings of the Open Budget Survey 2015, which assessed the availability of documents up to 30 June 2014. Since that assessment, Mongolia has produced the Year-end Report for internal use only, published the Pre-Budget Statement late, and failed to produce the Citizens Budget.

To improve budget transparency, Mongolia should publish a Year-End Report, publish a Pre-Budget Statement in a timely manner, and produce and publish a Citizens Budget. For more information on the content that the eight key budget documents should contain, and the publication timeframe for each document, please see IBP’s Guide to Transparency in Government Budget Reports and the Open Budget Survey Guidelines on Public Availability of Budget Documents.


Country Summary - English Country Summary - Mongolian Country Summary - Russian Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 51/100

The Government of Mongolia provides the public with limited budget information.

Public Participation 19/100

The Government of Mongolia is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight

By legislature 70/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in Mongolia is adequate.

By auditor 92/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Mongolia is adequate.


Improving Transparency

Mongolia should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Produce and publish a Mid-Year Review and a Citizens Budget for the Executive’s Budget Proposal.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal, for example by presenting more details on the classification of expenditures for future years and macroeconomic forecasts.
  • Increase the comprehensiveness of the Year-End Report by presenting more details on planned versus actual performance.
Improving Participation

Mongolia should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  • Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies at which testimony from the public is heard.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to participate in audit investigations.
Improving Oversight

Mongolia should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  • In both law and practice, ensure the legislature is consulted prior to the virement of funds in the Enacted Budget and the spending of contingency funds that were not identified in the Enacted Budget.
  • Ensure the legislature holds public meetings to review Audit Reports.


Country Summary Questionnaire

See more on budget work in Mongolia »